Comprehensive Manual for a Sweeping Gas Membrane Distillation Prototype and Design of a Field Scale Solar Nanofiltration Membrane Desalination Facility
AuthorSerwon, Daniel Morrow
AdvisorArnold, Robert G.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractApproximately 35% of the population of the Navajo Nation does not have direct access to the electric grid and public water supply. Tribal members haul their potable and livestock water from public water systems that are located great distances from their homes. The Navajo Nation Solar Desalination Research Pilot Demonstration Project is designed to provide residents affordable livestock water. The same technology can later be adopted to provide potable water. The project has deployed an off-grid, prototype water purification unit at a demonstration site north of Leupp, AZ utilizing membrane distillation (MD) technology. A second prototype for the same purposes utilizing nanofiltration (NF) membrane technology has been designed, built, and operated at The University of Arizona. Through experimentation I confirmed information provided the manufacturer of the NF membrane, calculated the production rate to be 636 gallons per day, and calculated the cost of desalinated water to be $0.003 per gallon. Both systems use solar energy to desalinate brackish ground water and the second prototype will later be deployed at the same site for side-by-side comparison. A critical part of the project is the development of technology transfer methods that will help the community take ownership of the project. To accomplish this goal I have written a comprehensive manual that will be given to the Navajo Department of Water Resources. The demonstration site will act as an applied research site for investigation, demonstration, and training related to sustainable water and energy systems designed to address the needs of remote, rural communities in arid and semi-arid regions. The aim is to inform a regional plan for Southwestern Navajo Nation Chapters to address chronic water and energy shortages, demonstrate renewable energy application for water treatment of brackish ground water, evaluate trade-offs in energy and water supplies, and foster community development. The research and demonstration site has been developed by an interdisciplinary and collaborative effort between the Bureau of Reclamation, Apex Applied Technology, Inc., and The University of Arizona.
Degree ProgramGraduate College