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dc.contributor.advisorCampen, Christopheren
dc.contributor.advisorBallard, Erinen
dc.contributor.authorLing, Cynthia*
dc.contributor.authorMak, Sebastian*
dc.contributor.authorCampen, Christopher*
dc.contributor.authorBallard, Erin*
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-22T17:22:27Z
dc.date.available2016-06-22T17:22:27Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/614128
dc.descriptionClass of 2015 Abstracten
dc.description.abstractObjectives: To compare and evaluate effects on kidney function of mannitol dieresis versus saline diuresis on kidney function with cisplatin therapy. Methods: Patient charts documented between January 2010 and July 2013 were obtained and reviewed from a database of a university associated medical center. The patient’s lowest creatinine clearance (CrCl) and potassium levels during any time in therapy were compared against the baseline. Statistical testing for primary and secondary outcomes was calculated using the Independent-Samples T-Test. Results: A total of 140 patients were reviewed – 68 patients were included in the mannitol arm, 72 in the saline arm. All baseline characteristics reviewed were not statistically different between groups except for sex, which was skewed towards males in the saline arm of the study. Baseline CrCl was 97.14 ml/min in the mannitol arm, and 93.69 ml/min in the saline arm (p=0.91). The average change in CrCl was found to be -16.72 ml/min (95% CI, -21.85 to -11.59) in the mannitol arm, -14.00 ml/min (95% CI, -18.82 to -9.20) in the saline arm; this was not statistically different (p=0.41). There was an average change of -0.31 mmol/L in blood potassium levels in mannitol patients, and a change of 0.014 mmol/L in saline patients; this was found to be significantly different (p<0.01). Conclusions: In this single-center retrospective study, there appeared to be no benefit in using mannitol diuresis over saline diuresis. The use of mannitol incurs additional cost and place additional restrictions on administration.
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author.en
dc.subjectcisplatinen
dc.subjectkidney damageen
dc.subjectcreatinine clearance (CrCl)en
dc.subjectmannitol diuresisen
dc.subjectsaline diuresisen
dc.subject.meshRenal Insufficiency
dc.subject.meshMannitol
dc.subject.meshSaline Waters
dc.subject.meshCisplatin
dc.titleA Retrospective Chart Review on the Effect of Cisplatin Related Kidney Damage When Used With Mannitol Diuresis Versus Saline Diuresisen_US
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Reporten
dc.contributor.departmentCollege of Pharmacy, The University of Arizonaen
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item is part of the Pharmacy Student Research Projects collection, made available by the College of Pharmacy and the University Libraries at the University of Arizona. For more information about items in this collection, please contact Jennifer Martin, Associate Librarian and Clinical Instructor, Pharmacy Practice and Science, jenmartin@email.arizona.edu.en
html.description.abstractObjectives: To compare and evaluate effects on kidney function of mannitol dieresis versus saline diuresis on kidney function with cisplatin therapy. Methods: Patient charts documented between January 2010 and July 2013 were obtained and reviewed from a database of a university associated medical center. The patient’s lowest creatinine clearance (CrCl) and potassium levels during any time in therapy were compared against the baseline. Statistical testing for primary and secondary outcomes was calculated using the Independent-Samples T-Test. Results: A total of 140 patients were reviewed – 68 patients were included in the mannitol arm, 72 in the saline arm. All baseline characteristics reviewed were not statistically different between groups except for sex, which was skewed towards males in the saline arm of the study. Baseline CrCl was 97.14 ml/min in the mannitol arm, and 93.69 ml/min in the saline arm (p=0.91). The average change in CrCl was found to be -16.72 ml/min (95% CI, -21.85 to -11.59) in the mannitol arm, -14.00 ml/min (95% CI, -18.82 to -9.20) in the saline arm; this was not statistically different (p=0.41). There was an average change of -0.31 mmol/L in blood potassium levels in mannitol patients, and a change of 0.014 mmol/L in saline patients; this was found to be significantly different (p<0.01). Conclusions: In this single-center retrospective study, there appeared to be no benefit in using mannitol diuresis over saline diuresis. The use of mannitol incurs additional cost and place additional restrictions on administration.


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