Sensing of Irregularities on Fast Moving Surfaces by Microwaves and Millimeterwaves
AuthorIshii, T. Koryu
MetadataShow full item record
RightsCopyright © International Foundation for Telemetering
Collection InformationProceedings from the International Telemetering Conference are made available by the International Foundation for Telemetering and the University of Arizona Libraries. Visit http://www.telemetry.org/index.php/contact-us if you have questions about items in this collection.
AbstractFine cracks and irregularities on a fast moving conducting surface were detected by the use of microwave and millimeter wave radio responder techniques. The interrogation angle was restricted to an oblique incidence angle less than ±0.5 degree from the surface. The fast moving conducting surface was surrounded by both fast moving and stationary reflective conducting structures. Experimental methods and results from a fine crack 0.1 mm wide, 0.9 mm deep, and 25 mm long on a conducting surface travelling with a speed of 20.23 m/s and measured at 10.525 GH(z) and 73 GH(z) are presented. The reflection-type microwave radio responder consisted of a 10.525 GH(z) 50 mW Gunn diode cw transmitter, a circulator, and a horn antenna used as the interrogator. The receiver in the same responder consisted of the same horn antenna, the circulator and detector diode. The detector diode output was observed with a Norland 3106R digital memory oscilloscope. A reflex kylstron VA 250 was used as the transmitter signal source for the millimeter wave responder. There was a distinct difference between the responder output patterns with uncracked and cracked surfaces. It is therefore possible to use this type of responder for hair-line crack detection of fast moving conducting surfaces. It was also found that this type of radio responder can detect the surface irregularity even before the hairline crack actually occurs.
SponsorsInternational Foundation for Telemetering