Integrated Patient-Derived Models Delineate Individualized Therapeutic Vulnerabilities of Pancreatic Cancer
AuthorWitkiewicz, Agnieszka K.
Mills, Gordon B.
O’Reilly, Eileen M.
Knudsen, Erik S.
AffiliationDepartment of Pathology, University of Arizona
University of Arizona Cancer Center, University of Arizona
Department of Medicine, University of Arizona
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CitationIntegrated Patient-Derived Models Delineate Individualized Therapeutic Vulnerabilities of Pancreatic Cancer 2016 Cell Reports
RightsCopyright © 2016 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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AbstractPancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) harbors the worst prognosis of any common solid tumor, and multiple failed clinical trials indicate therapeutic recalcitrance. Here, we use exome sequencing of patient tumors and find multiple conserved genetic alterations. However, the majority of tumors exhibit no clearly defined therapeutic target. High-throughput drug screens using patient-derived cell lines found rare examples of sensitivity to monotherapy, with most models requiring combination therapy. Using PDX models, we confirmed the effectiveness and selectivity of the identified treatment responses. Out of more than 500 single and combination drug regimens tested, no single treatment was effective for the majority of PDAC tumors, and each case had unique sensitivity profiles that could not be predicted using genetic analyses. These data indicate a shortcoming of reliance on genetic analysis to predict efficacy of currently available agents against PDAC and suggest that sensitivity profiling of patient-derived models could inform personalized therapy design for PDAC.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsThe authors thank members of the E.S.K. and A.K.W. laboratories for thoughtprovoking discussion, technical assistance, and help with manuscript preparation. Nicholas Borja and Eboni Holloman assisted with select animal studies. Ngoc Haoi assisted with informatics and figure development. The Tissue Management Shared Resource of the Simmons Cancer Center (Cheryl Lewis, manager) assisted with the acquisition of the tissue and coordinating histological and immunohistochemical analysis of tumor specimens. The High-Throughput Screening core and Tissue Management Shared Resource are supported by the Cancer Center Support grant of the Simmons Cancer Center (P30 CA142543). The research is supported by grants to A.K.W. and E.S.K. from the NIH (CA142543-05S2).
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright © 2016 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).