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dc.contributor.advisorCulver, Melanieen
dc.contributor.authorHOSKINSON, JOSHUA SCOTT
dc.creatorHOSKINSON, JOSHUA SCOTTen
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-24T16:40:42Z
dc.date.available2016-08-24T16:40:42Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/618748
dc.description.abstractFollowing the re-introduction of gray wolves (Canis lupus occidentalis) into Yellowstone National Park in 1998, a dramatic influence of the wolves on the landscape of Yellowstone ecosystem was observed over the following x decades, termed a trophic cascade. Trophic cascade is defined as the reciprocal predator-prey effects that alter the abundance, biomass, or productivity of a population, community, or trophic level across more than one link in a food web, and this effect was has been well-documented from reintroduction efforts of apex predators in the United States. In the Yellowstone wolf example, the wolves have initiated both a traditional trophic cascade, which spans across trophic levels (predator-prey-vegetation), and a carnivore cascade, which spans across a predator guild (wolf-coyote-fox). A goal of the present study was to determine whether or not the Mexican gray wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) can initiate a carnivore cascade in Arizona and New Mexico, assessed by estimation of a coyote minimum population size on the White Mountain Apache Reservation in Arizona. This was accomplished by genotyping scats collected in 2008 and 2009 for polymorphic microsatellite DNA loci, to estimate the population size through a simple genetic minimum population size using all unique individuals. Sixty-one individual coyotes were estimated using minimum population estimate in 2008 and 28 individual coyotes in 2009, on the study plot, however, the estimate did not include the influence of Mexican gray wolves on coyotes population size, due to carnivore cascades in this region.
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en
dc.titleAN ESTIMATION OF COYOTE POPULATION SIZE FOR EVIDENCE OF A TROPHIC CASCADEen_US
dc.typetexten
dc.typeElectronic Thesisen
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen
thesis.degree.levelBachelorsen
thesis.degree.disciplineHonors Collegeen
thesis.degree.disciplineEcology & Evolutionary Biologyen
thesis.degree.nameB.S.en
refterms.dateFOA2018-06-15T05:52:44Z
html.description.abstractFollowing the re-introduction of gray wolves (Canis lupus occidentalis) into Yellowstone National Park in 1998, a dramatic influence of the wolves on the landscape of Yellowstone ecosystem was observed over the following x decades, termed a trophic cascade. Trophic cascade is defined as the reciprocal predator-prey effects that alter the abundance, biomass, or productivity of a population, community, or trophic level across more than one link in a food web, and this effect was has been well-documented from reintroduction efforts of apex predators in the United States. In the Yellowstone wolf example, the wolves have initiated both a traditional trophic cascade, which spans across trophic levels (predator-prey-vegetation), and a carnivore cascade, which spans across a predator guild (wolf-coyote-fox). A goal of the present study was to determine whether or not the Mexican gray wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) can initiate a carnivore cascade in Arizona and New Mexico, assessed by estimation of a coyote minimum population size on the White Mountain Apache Reservation in Arizona. This was accomplished by genotyping scats collected in 2008 and 2009 for polymorphic microsatellite DNA loci, to estimate the population size through a simple genetic minimum population size using all unique individuals. Sixty-one individual coyotes were estimated using minimum population estimate in 2008 and 28 individual coyotes in 2009, on the study plot, however, the estimate did not include the influence of Mexican gray wolves on coyotes population size, due to carnivore cascades in this region.


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