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Exploring Family Perceptions About Primary Care Management Following Diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes in Preschool-Age Children
AuthorGarlington, Jennifer Erin
Patient Centered Medical Home
Primary Care Management
Type 1 Diabetes
Chronic Care Model
AdvisorBadger, Terry A.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractPurpose: To describe family perceptions about pediatric primary care management following diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in preschool-aged children living in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. Study Design and Method: Mothers of children diagnosed with T1DM before the fifth birthday and within the past two years were recruited anonymously through two regional support groups. Perceptions about pediatric primary care management following T1DM diagnosis were elicited through an anonymous 30-item online survey. Demographic characteristics of mother and child were obtained as well as information about five important domains of health care management for a young child with T1DM: (1) multidisciplinary, (2) holistic and compassionate, (3) accessible and communicative, (4) uses current standards and technology, and (5) actively promotes safe self-management. Results: Twenty-one biological mothers participated in this study, each on behalf of a child diagnosed with T1DM who fit inclusion criteria. Overall mothers held positive perceptions about care management by PCPs and endocrinologists within context of each of the five domains. Most mothers felt included in care planning, valued periodic well-child exams, and believed the child's providers were accessible, communicated effectively, and usually demonstrated consideration/compassion for the family. Although a majority of mothers at least somewhat agreed that the PCP used current standards and technology to care for the child, and functioned as the center of his/her health care coordination, these domains elicited a slightly greater number of responses indicating uncertainty or disagreement. Clinical Implications: Nurses and pediatric practitioners can use findings from this study to plan continued exploration into the perceptions and care management needs of families following diagnosis of a very young child with T1DM. The domains of care used to assess mothers' perceptions about care management-based on tenets of the Chronic Care Model (CCM) and Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH)-can be used by pediatric PCPs and endocrinologists to dialogue with patients and staff about how care management may be improved for these families. Providing opportunities for feedback to the families of young children with T1DM should be encouraged so future research can examine relationships between care management variables and clinical outcomes.
Degree ProgramGraduate College