A bacterial filter protects and structures the gut microbiome of an insect
AuthorLanan, Michele Caroline
Pos Rodrigues, Pedro Augusto
Wheeler, Diana Esther
AffiliationGraduate Interdisciplinary Program in Entomology and Insect Science, University of Arizona
School of Animal and Comparative Biomedical Sciences, University of Arizona
Department of Neuroscience, University of Arizona
Department of Entomology, University of Arizona
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
CitationLanan MC, Rodrigues PAP, Agellon A, Jansma P, Wheeler DE. A bacterial filter protects and structures the gut microbiome of an insect. The ISME Journal. 2016;10(8):1866-1876. doi:10.1038/ismej.2015.264.
JournalThe ISME Journal
Rights© 2016 International Society for Microbial Ecology. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractAssociations with symbionts within the gut lumen of hosts are particularly prone to disruption due to the constant influx of ingested food and non-symbiotic microbes, yet we know little about how partner fidelity is maintained. Here we describe for the first time the existence of a gut morphological filter capable of protecting an animal gut microbiome from disruption. The proventriculus, a valve located between the crop and midgut of insects, functions as a micro-pore filter in the Sonoran Desert turtle ant (Cephalotes rohweri), blocking the entry of bacteria and particles ⩾0.2 μm into the midgut and hindgut while allowing passage of dissolved nutrients. Initial establishment of symbiotic gut bacteria occurs within the first few hours after pupation via oral–rectal trophallaxis, before the proventricular filter develops. Cephalotes ants are remarkable for having maintained a consistent core gut microbiome over evolutionary time and this partner fidelity is likely enabled by the proventricular filtering mechanism. In addition, the structure and function of the cephalotine proventriculus offers a new perspective on organismal resistance to pathogenic microbes, structuring of gut microbial communities, and development and maintenance of host–microbe fidelity both during the animal life cycle and over evolutionary time.
PubMed Central ID5029173
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsThis work was funded by NIH grant 5K12GM000708-13. PAPR received support from NSF Grant 0604067 to DEW.
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