Initial Testing of the Risk Assessment of Eating Disorders (RAED) Tool for Use in Primary Care of Hispanic Women
AuthorCardona, Genevieve Rae
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractPurpose of the Study: The purpose of this study was to test an investigator-developed culturally relevant eating disorder assessment tool, the Risk Assessment of Eating Disorders (RAED), for eventual clinical application in assessing eating disorders in Hispanic women. This study also examined clinical guidelines, developed by the investigator to guide providers in using culturally appropriate behaviors during the assessment process.Research Questions: 1. What do Hispanic women identify and endorse as relevant areas of assessment for detection of potential eating disorders? 2. What culturally competent questions and provider behaviors or interactions do Hispanic women endorse as enabling them to volunteer specific information about their eating disorders? Background: Although some knowledge exists regarding appropriate and effective assessment questions to detect eating disorders, clinicians lack a culturally relevant and brief tool for use in primary care. Literature on existing assessment instruments and the Theory of Cultural Marginality informed development of the tool and guidelines.Method: Five Hispanic females with diagnosed eating disorders completed the RAED tool and scored items for relevance and clarity. This was followed by interviews and discussions with participants concerning perceptions of provider behaviors that enable or inhibit women reporting specific disordered eating behaviors to providers. Results: The results supported relevance and clarity of a 14-item RAED for assessing eating disorders. Seven clinical guidelines were developed on culturally appropriate provider behaviors to help Hispanic women volunteer specific information on their eating disorder behaviors. Discussion: A shorter assessment was developed for eventual use in advance practice nursing. The participants also identified provider behaviors including empathy, a non-judgmental attitude, and being willing to sit down with the patients, as enabling them to speak up about their eating disorder. The Theory of Cultural Marginality was useful in developing the RAED items and Provider Guidelines for assessment. Continued research of the RAED and clinical guidelines was recommended to provide adequate empirical support for use of the assessment tools and theory by advance practice nurses in primary care of Hispanic women, as well as all women with eating disorders.
Degree ProgramGraduate College