A COMPREHENSIVE DUST MODEL APPLIED TO THE RESOLVED BETA PICTORIS DEBRIS DISK FROM OPTICAL TO RADIO WAVELENGTHS
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
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PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationA COMPREHENSIVE DUST MODEL APPLIED TO THE RESOLVED BETA PICTORIS DEBRIS DISK FROM OPTICAL TO RADIO WAVELENGTHS 2016, 823 (2):108 The Astrophysical Journal
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Rights© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractWe investigate whether varying the dust composition (described by the optical constants) can solve a persistent problem in debris disk modeling-the inability to fit the thermal emission without overpredicting the scattered light. We model five images of the beta Pictoris disk: two in scattered light from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST)/Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph at 0.58 mu m and HST/Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC 3) at 1.16 mu m, and three in thermal emission from Spitzer/Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer (MIPS) at 24 mu m, Herschel/PACS at 70 mu m, and Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array at 870 mu m. The WFC3 and MIPS data are published here for the first time. We focus our modeling on the outer part of this disk, consisting of a parent body ring and a halo of small grains. First, we confirm that a model using astronomical silicates cannot simultaneously fit the thermal and scattered light data. Next, we use a simple generic function for the optical constants to show that varying the dust composition can improve the fit substantially. Finally, we model the dust as a mixture of the most plausible debris constituents: astronomical silicates, water ice, organic refractory material, and vacuum. We achieve a good fit to all data sets with grains composed predominantly of silicates and organics, while ice and vacuum are, at most, present in small amounts. This composition is similar to one derived from previous work on the HR 4796A disk. Our model also fits the thermal spectral energy distribution, scattered light colors, and high-resolution mid-IR data from T-ReCS for this disk. Additionally, we show that sub-blowout grains are a necessary component of the halo.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNASA; NASA [NNX13AD82G, 1255094]