Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for critically ill adults in the emergency department: history, current applications, and future directions
AuthorMosier, Jarrod M
Gunnerson, Kyle J
Hypes, Cameron D
Whitmore, Sage P
Spaite, Daniel W
AffiliationDepartment of Emergency Medicine, University of Arizona
Arizona Emergency Medicine Research Center, University of Arizona
MetadataShow full item record
CitationMosier et al. Critical Care (2015) 19:431
Rights© 2015 Mosier et al. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
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AbstractExtracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a mode of extracorporeal life support that augments oxygenation, ventilation and/or cardiac output via cannulae connected to a circuit that pumps blood through an oxygenator and back into the patient. ECMO has been used for decades to support cardiopulmonary disease refractory to conventional therapy. While not robust, there are promising data for the use of ECMO in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure, cardiac arrest, and cardiogenic shock and the potential indications for ECMO continue to increase. This review discusses the existing literature on the potential use of ECMO in critically ill patients within the emergency department.
DescriptionUA Open Access Publishing Fund
NoteOpen access journal.
VersionFinal published version