DETECTION OF LENSING SUBSTRUCTURE USING ALMA OBSERVATIONS OF THE DUSTY GALAXY SDP.81
Marrone, Daniel P.
Blandford, Roger D.
Carlstrom, John E.
Fassnacht, Christopher D.
Holder, Gilbert P.
Marshall, Philip J.
Levasseur, Laurence Perreault
Vieira, J. D.
Wechsler, Risa H.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
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PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationDETECTION OF LENSING SUBSTRUCTURE USING ALMA OBSERVATIONS OF THE DUSTY GALAXY SDP.81 2016, 823 (1):37 The Astrophysical Journal
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Rights© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractWe study the abundance of substructure in the matter density near galaxies using ALMA Science Verification observations of the strong lensing system SDP. 81. We present a method to measure the abundance of subhalos around galaxies using interferometric observations of gravitational lenses. Using simulated ALMA observations we explore the effects of various systematics, including antenna phase errors and source priors, and show how such errors may be measured or marginalized. We apply our formalism to ALMA observations of SDP. 81. We find evidence for the presence of a M = 10(8.96 +/- 0.12)M(circle dot) subhalo near one of the images, with a significance of 6.9 sigma in a joint fit to data from bands 6 and 7; the effect of the subhalo is also detected in both bands individually. We also derive constraints on the abundance of dark matter (DM) subhalos down to M similar to 2 x 10(7) M-circle dot, pushing down to the mass regime of the smallest detected satellites in the Local Group, where there are significant discrepancies between the observed population of luminous galaxies and predicted DM subhalos. We find hints of additional substructure, warranting further study using the full SDP. 81 data set (including, for example, the spectroscopic imaging of the lensed carbon monoxide emission). We compare the results of this search to the predictions of Lambda CDM halos, and find that given current uncertainties in the host halo properties of SDP. 81, our measurements of substructure are consistent with theoretical expectations. Observations of larger samples of gravitational lenses with ALMA should be able to improve the constraints on the abundance of galactic substructure.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNASA through Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute [HST-HF2-51358.001-A]; NASA [NAS 5-26555, NNX12AD02G]; NSF [AST-1212195, PLR-1248097, PHY-0114422]; Sloan Fellowship; Institute for Advanced Study; Ambrose Monell Foundation; Center for Advanced Study at UIUC; U.S. National Science Foundation [AST-1312950]; U.S. Department of Energy [DE-AC02-76SF00515]; Weiland Family Stanford Graduate Fellowship; Office of Science of the Department of Energy [DE-AC05-00OR22725]; National Science Foundation [ACI-1053575, OCI-0725070, ACI-1238993]; state of Illinois