AffiliationUniv Arizona, Lunar & Planetary Lab
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
CitationKoskinen, T. T., J. I. Moses, R. A. West, S. Guerlet, and A. Jouchoux (2016), The detection of benzene in Saturn's upper atmosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 7895–7901, doi:10.1002/2016GL070000.
JournalGEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS
Rights©2016. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractThe stratosphere of Saturn contains a photochemical haze that appears thicker at the poles and may originate from chemistry driven by the aurora. Models suggest that the formation of hydrocarbon haze is initiated at high altitudes by the production of benzene, which is followed by the formation of heavier ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Until now there have been no observations of hydrocarbons or photochemical haze in the production region to constrain these models. We report the first vertical profiles of benzene and constraints on haze opacity in the upper atmosphere of Saturn retrieved from Cassini Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph stellar occultations. We detect benzene at several different latitudes and find that the observed abundances of benzene can be produced by solar-driven ion chemistry that is enhanced at high latitudes in the northern hemisphere during spring. We also detect evidence for condensation and haze at high southern latitudes in the polar night.
NotePublished online 15 Aug 2016. 6 Month Embargo.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNASA Cassini Data Analysis and Participating Scientist grant [NNX14AD51G]; NASA Solar System Workings grant [NNX16AG10G]; Cassini Project; CNES