Leung, Siu Ling
Liao, Joseph C.
Chan, Cho Lik
Wong, Pak Kin
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Aerosp & Mech Engn
Univ Arizona, Coll Med
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
CitationLong-range electrothermal fluid motion in microfluidic systems 2016, 98:341 International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
RightsCopyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractAC electrothermal flow (ACEF) is the fluid motion created as a result of Joule heating induced temperature gradients. ACEF is capable of performing major microfluidic operations, such as pumping, mixing, concentration, separation and assay enhancement, and is effective in biological samples with a wide range of electrical conductivity. Here, we report long-range fluid motion induced by ACEF, which creates centimeter-scale vortices. The long-range fluid motion displays a strong voltage dependence and is suppressed in microchannels with a characteristic length below similar to 300 mu m. An extended computational model of ACEF, which considers the effects of the density gradient and temperature-dependent parameters, is developed and compared experimentally by particle image velocimetry. The model captures the essence of ACEF in a wide range of channel dimensions and operating conditions. The combined experimental and computational study reveals the essential roles of buoyancy, temperature rise, and associated changes in material properties in the formation of the long-range fluid motion. Our results provide critical information for the design and modeling of ACEF based microfluidic systems toward various bioanalytical applications. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
NoteAvailable online 25 March 2016; 24 Month Embargo.
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
SponsorsThis work was supported in part by the National Institutes of Health (R44AI088756 and DP2OD007161). The authors would like to thank Jose Miguel Valdez and Minqing Li for their valuable discussion and suggestions.