AffiliationUniv Arizona, Coll Opt Sci
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationPicosecond laser filamentation in air 2016, 18 (9):093005 New Journal of Physics
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Rights© 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
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AbstractThe propagation of intense picosecond laser pulses in air in the presence of strong nonlinear self-action effects and air ionization is investigated experimentally and numerically. The model used for numerical analysis is based on the nonlinear propagator for the optical field coupled to the rate equations for the production of various ionic species and plasma temperature. Our results show that the phenomenon of plasma-driven intensity clamping, which has been paramount in femtosecond laser filamentation, holds for picosecond pulses. Furthermore, the temporal pulse distortions in the picosecond regime are limited and the pulse fluence is also clamped. In focused propagation geometry, a unique feature of picosecond filamentation is the production of a broad, fully ionized air channel, continuous both longitudinally and transversely, which may be instrumental for many applications including laser-guided electrical breakdown of air, channeling microwave beams and air lasing.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsUS Defense Threat Reduction Agency [HDTRA 1-14-1-0009]; US Air Force Office of Scientific Research [FA9550-12-1-0482, FA9550-16-1-0013]; US Department of Energy, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory [DE-AC52-07NA27344]; Grand Equipement National pour le Calcul Intensif (GENCI) [2015-056129, 2016-057594]; Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe (PRACE) [2014-112576]