Development and Evaluation of a Clinical Practice Guideline to Promote Evidence-Based Treatment of Pediatric Concussions in Primary Care
AuthorMortenson, Brett Jerome
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractIntroduction and Rationale: Concussions account for the majority of traumatic brain injuries in children. Currently there more than 500,000 pediatric concussions per year and that number is likely low due to under-reporting (Rose, Weber, Collen,& Heyer, 2015). Most symptoms of concussion are easily recognized to the trained pediatric primary care provider. Yet, symptom management and recommendations for rest, exercise, specialty care referral, and return to normal activities can be challenging for many providers, due to the lack of evidence and lack of formal recommendations by any organization (Rose et al., 2015; Silverberg & Iverson, 2013). Purpose and Objective: The main purpose of this Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) project is to develop evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPG) for pediatric primary care providers. The objective is to provide a CPG that offers clinical guidance when managing pediatric concussion patients in the primary care setting. This CPG will also provide clarity for pediatric primary care providers (PCP) when determining what options are available in treatment for pediatric concussions. Methods: The working framework of this project was The Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation II (AGREE II). The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) procedure for reporting clinical guidelines, in the form of key action statements, was used as the model for development of the CPG. Results: The CPG was appraised using the AGREE II instrument, which provides valid and reliable scores and data used in the evaluation of CPG's. Six domains were evaluated, and the CPG yielded scores above 80% for all categories. The overall standard deviation was 0, which indicts a very low level of discrepancy between users of the instrument. Conclusion: This DNP project addresses an evidence and primary care practice gap. With a large number of pediatric concussions, a consistent management approach will ensure a safe and therapeutic recovery. A CPG was developed and evaluated using the AGREE II instrument. The CPG was found to meet the standards for general recommended use in pediatric primary care.
Degree ProgramGraduate College