• Changes In Wood Anatomy In Tree Rings Of Pinus Pinaster Ait. Following Wounding By Flash Floods

      Ballesteros, J. A.; Stoffel, M.; Bodoque, J. M.; Bollschweiler, M.; Hitz, O.; Díez-Herrero, A.; Department of Research and Geoscientific Prospective, Geological Survey of Spain (IGME); Laboratory of Dendrogeomorphology, Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Berne; Climatic Change and Climate Impacts, Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Geneva; Department of Geosciences, Geography, chemin du Musée 4, University of Fribourg; et al. (Tree-Ring Society, 2010-07)
      This paper analyzes the anatomical response of Pinus pinaster Ait. following wounding by flash floods. A total of 14 wood samples were taken from 14 different scarred trees located on the river banks of the Arroyo Cabrera torrent (Spanish Central System). In addition, 20 increment cores were collected from undisturbed and healthy P. pinaster trees to build a local reference chronology. For the injured trees, analysis focused on growth changes in early earlywood (EE) tracheids, namely on differences in (i) lumen size; (ii) cell-wall percentage and cell-wall thickness; (iii) radial length and tangential width of tracheids; as well as (iv) in the abundance of resin ducts in earlywood (EW) and latewood (LW) following wounding. Results indicate that tissues bordering flash-flood wounds are characterized by reduced growth rates and a decrease of EE tracheid lumen area by 51%. In addition, cell-wall percentage increases by 34% in the increment rings formed after the event and significant changes are observed in the radial length and tangential width of EE tracheids. Observations on resin ducts do not yield any significant results. Based on these anatomical parameters, detecting and dating past flash-flood events in growth rings is now possible for Mediterranean species, specifically P. pinaster.