Do empowered stroke patients perform better at self-management and functional recovery after a stroke? A randomized controlled trial
AuthorSit, Janet WH
Chair, Sek Ying
Chan, Carmen WH
Lee, Diana TF
Chan, Aileen WK
Cheung, Jo LK
Tang, Siu Wai
Chan, Po Shan
Taylor-Piliae, Ruth E
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Coll Nursing
activities of daily living
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherDOVE MEDICAL PRESS LTD
CitationDo empowered stroke patients perform better at self-management and functional recovery after a stroke? A randomized controlled trial 2016, Volume 11:1441 Clinical Interventions in Aging
JournalClinical Interventions in Aging
Rights© 2016 Sit et al. This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License.
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AbstractBackground: Self-management after a stroke is a challenge because of multifaceted care needs and complex disabling consequences that cause further hindrance to patient participation. A 13-week stroke patient empowerment intervention (Health Empowerment Intervention for Stroke Self-management [HEISS]) was developed to enhance patients' ability to participate in self-management. Purpose: To examine the effects of the empowerment intervention on stroke patients' self-efficacy, self-management behavior, and functional recovery. Methods: This is a single-blind randomized controlled trial with stroke survivors assigned to either a control group (CG) receiving usual ambulatory rehabilitation care or the HEISS in addition to usual care (intervention group [IG]). Outcome data were collected at baseline (T0), 1 week (T1), 3 months (T2), and 6 months (T3) postintervention. Data were analyzed on the intention-to-treat principle. The generalized estimating equation model was used to assess the differential change of self-efficacy in illness management, self-management behaviors (cognitive symptom management, communication with physician, medication adherence, and self-blood pressure monitoring), and functional recovery (Barthel and Lawton indices) across time points (baseline = T0, 1 week = T1, 3 months = T2, and 6 months = T3 postintervention) between the two groups. Results: A total of 210 (CG = 105, IG = 105) Hong Kong Chinese stroke survivors (mean age =69 years, 49% women, 72% ischemic stroke, 89% hemiparesis, and 63% tactile sensory deficit) were enrolled in the study. Those in IG reported better self-efficacy in illness management 3-month (P=0.011) and 6-month (P=0.012) postintervention, along with better self-management behaviors at all follow-up time points (all P<0.05), apart from medication adherence (P>0.05). Those in IG had significantly better functional recovery (Barthel, all P, 0.05; Lawton, all P<0.001), compared to CG. The overall dropout rate was 16.7%. Conclusion: Patient empowerment intervention (HEISS) may influence self-efficacy in illness management and improve self-management behavior and functional recovery of stroke survivors. Furthermore, the HEISS can be conducted in parallel with existing ambulatory stroke rehabilitation services and provide added value in sustaining stroke self-management and functional improvement in the long term.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsHealth and Medical Research Grant