AffiliationUniv Arizona, Lunar & Planetary Lab
Keywordsplanets and satellites: fundamental parameters
planets and satellites: gaseous planets
planets and satellites: individual (Jupiter)
planets and satellites: interiors
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationTIDAL RESPONSE OF PRELIMINARY JUPITER MODEL 2016, 831 (1):14 The Astrophysical Journal
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Rights© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractIn anticipation of improved observational data for Jupiter's gravitational field, from the Juno spacecraft, we predict the static tidal response for a variety of Jupiter interior models based on ab initio computer simulations of hydrogen-helium mixtures. We calculate hydrostatic-equilibrium gravity terms, using the non-perturbative concentric Maclaurin Spheroid method that eliminates lengthy expansions used in the theory of figures. Our method captures terms arising from the coupled tidal and rotational perturbations, which we find to be important for a rapidly rotating planet like Jupiter. Our predicted static tidal Love number, k(2) = 0.5900, is similar to 10% larger than previous estimates. The value is, as expected, highly correlated with the zonal harmonic coefficient J(2), and is thus nearly constant when plausible changes are made to the interior structure while holding J(2) fixed at the observed value. We note that the predicted static k(2) might change, due to Jupiter's dynamical response to the Galilean moons, and find reasons to argue that the change may be detectable-although we do not present here a theory of dynamical tides for highly oblate Jovian planets. An accurate model of Jupiter's tidal response will be essential for interpreting Juno observations and identifying tidal signals from effects of other interior dynamics of Jupiter's gravitational field.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNASA's Juno project; National Science Foundation (astronomy and astrophysics research grant) 
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