Caffeine Enhances Memory Performance in Young Adults during Their Non-optimal Time of Day
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Psychol
Univ Arizona, Evelyn F McKnight Brain Inst
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
CitationCaffeine Enhances Memory Performance in Young Adults during Their Non-optimal Time of Day 2016, 7 Frontiers in Psychology
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Rights© 2016 Sherman, Buckley, Baena and Ryan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractMany college students struggle to perform well on exams in the early morning. Although students drink caffeinated beverages to feel more awake, it is unclear whether these actually improve performance. After consuming coffee (caffeinated or decaffeinated), college-age adults completed implicit and explicit memory tasks in the early morning and late afternoon (Experiment 1). During the morning, participants ingesting caffeine demonstrated a striking improvement in explicit memory, but not implicit memory. Caffeine did not alter memory performance in the afternoon. In Experiment 2, participants engaged in cardiovascular exercise in order to examine whether increases in physiological arousal similarly improved memory. Despite clear increases in physiological arousal, exercise did not improve memory performance compared to a stretching control condition. These results suggest that caffeine has a specific benefit for memory during students' non-optimal time of day-early morning. These findings have real-world implications for students taking morning exams.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsHonors College at the University of Arizona