Seismic evidence for a cold serpentinized mantle wedge beneath Mount St Helens
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Geosci
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PublisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
CitationSeismic evidence for a cold serpentinized mantle wedge beneath Mount St Helens 2016, 7:13242 Nature Communications
Rights© The Author(s) 2016. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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AbstractMount St Helens is the most active volcano within the Cascade arc; however, its location is unusual because it lies 50 km west of the main axis of arc volcanism. Subduction zone thermal models indicate that the down-going slab is decoupled from the overriding mantle wedge beneath the forearc, resulting in a cold mantle wedge that is unlikely to generate melt. Consequently, the forearc location of Mount St Helens raises questions regarding the extent of the cold mantle wedge and the source region of melts that are responsible for volcanism. Here using, high-resolution active-source seismic data, we show that Mount St Helens sits atop a sharp lateral boundary in Moho reflectivity. Weak-to-absent PmP reflections to the west are attributed to serpentinite in the mantle-wedge, which requires a cold hydrated mantle wedge beneath Mount St Helens (V similar to 700 degrees C). These results suggest that the melt source region lies east towards Mount Adams.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNSF [1445937, 1520875, 1459047]
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