• Noise Predictive Information Rate Estimation for TDMR Channels

      Bahrami, Mohsen; Vasic, Bane; Univ Arizona, Dept Elect & Comp Engn (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      In this paper, we use the forward recursion BCJR algorithm to estimate the symmetric information rate for Two Dimensional Magnetic Recording (TDMR) channels. In particular, we consider a TDMR read/write channel whose all components, including recording medium, write and readback processes are modeled in software. Since the primary source of noise in TDMR arises from irregularities in the recording medium and leads to highly colored and data-dependent jitter, the pattern dependent noise predictive (PDNP) algorithm is implemented to improve the accuracy and performance of SIR estimation. Furthermore, we study the performance gain of using the PDNP algorithm in SIR estimation through simulations over the Voronoi based media model for different TDMR channel configurations.

      Kosbar, Kurt; Maruska, John; Schad, Judah; Missouri University of Science and Technology, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      This paper discusses a modular open source electronic soil analysis system embedded in a remote vehicle designed for use on a colonizationeffort Mars rover. The embedded system consists of a soil extraction drill sheath, a temperature and moisture array sensor sheath, a sample return bay specialized for RamanFluorescence spectrometry, and an Ethernet bridge radio for communication, all controlled through several microcontroller boards. A Windowsbased graphical engagement application provides real time control. A Linuxbased scripting application provides postprocessing, graphing, and statistical analysis. All software and electrical hardware has been made opensource for the public to build upon.
    • International Telemetering Conference Proceedings, Volume 52 (2016)

      International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11

      Fecko, Mariusz; Chang, Kirk; Kim, Heechang; Cichocki, Andrzej; Wong, Larry; O'Connell, Ray; Radke, Mark; Young, Tom; Grace, Thomas; Vencore Labs; et al. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      Current IP-based telemetry systems such as iNET perform capacity allocation among multiple radios under the assumption of uniform link rates. This assumption breaks down when adaptive modulation is deployed to vary link rates in response to channel degradation. In particular, many modern radios can increase their transmission rate through adaptive coding. To take advantage of these increased rates, we designed several iNET Link Manager (LM) bandwidth allocation algorithms for the future iNET that implements adaptive coding techniques. These new LM algorithms include both weight-based schemes in which link bandwidth is allocated based on the priority assigned to the links and queues, as well as a greedy algorithm in which link bandwidth is allocated strictly based on link rates. We evaluated the effectiveness of these algorithms using both analytical analysis and test-bed experimentation. Through a rich set of test-cases, we conclude that a weight-based algorithm in which link priority is assigned using the product of link weight and link data rate has the best performance, and hence can be considered for the future iNET LM.

      Marcellin, Michael; Melde, Kathleen; Fajardo, Nicolas; Garrick, Kevin; Giroud, Xaviere; Kehn, Brian; Maggio, Andrew; Read, Cecilia; Univ Arizona, Dept Elect & Comp Engn (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      This document will provide a detailed description of the original design behind our device, device casing, and iOS application. It will cover process of assembly, as well as failure analysis and future directions for the project.

      Terrien, Ron; Endress, William; Raytheon Missile Systems (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      In a previous paper “Merging Multiple Telemetry Files From Widely Separated Sources For Improved Data Integrity” presented at the 2012 ITC\USA conference, a method for synchronizing TM files at the minor frame level was presented. This paper expands on that work by describing a method for synchronizing the files at the minor frame level faster and at the earliest frame possible using an internal counter. This method is also useful if the minor frames fall out of sync due to large dropouts.
    • The Killer App – Combining Embedded Processors, FPGAs and Smart Software

      Cooke, Alan; Curtiss-Wright (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      In this paper, the benefits and advantages of combining advanced embedded processing capabilities with an FPGA based approach within a Data Acquisition Unit (DAU) are discussed. The paper begins with a discussion of some of the services and functionality that such a system enables. Basic features such as system discovery, verification, configuration and upgrade are discussed in addition to other value added services such as continuous built in test (CBIT) and embedded real-time parameter quick-look. Finally, the paper discusses some advanced services that could be deployed to these systems such as emerging communication protocols, multimedia connectivity and discovery, and advanced Machine Learning based systems diagnostics.

      Hudgins, Gene; Poch, Keith; Secondine, Juana; TENA Software Development Activity (SDA) (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)

      Rice, Michael; Ravert, Jeffrey; Brigham Young University (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      This paper describes the use of a phase lock loop (PLL) to compensate for and remove a residual frequency offset when using data-aided estimators to equalize SOQPSK-TG. The problems of multipath and residual frequency offset will be shown my example. An equalizer followed by a PLL will be shown to be a viable option to mitigate multipath and residual frequency offset by example.
    • Study of Second-Order Memory Based LT Encoders

      Perrins, Erik; Shang, Luyao; University of Kansas, Department of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      LT encoder design has always been a basic and crucial topic ever since the development of fountain codes. The memory based LT encoders (MBLTEs) aim at further improving the code performance by managing the input symbols’ degree distribution after an output symbols’ degree distribution is determined. Previous work has shown that the MBLTE has a faster decoder convergence and a lower bit error rate (BER) than the regular LT encoder with the belief propagation (BP) decoder over binary erasure channels (BECs). However, the study of MBLTEs is limited to first-order MBLTEs, higher-order MBLTEs have not been investigated yet. Therefore, in this paper we study the second-order MBLTE, and propose an algorithm for its realization. Simulation results show that our encoder outperforms the first-order MBLTE in terms of the BER. Our proposed second-order MBLTE performs better either with a short code or with a high erasure probability.
    • Towards Real-Time CMA Equalization by using FFT for Signal Blocks transmitted over an Aeronautical channel

      Cole-Rhodes, Arlene; Moazzami, Farzad; Taiwo, Peter; Dossongui, Itie Serge Kone; Morgan State University, Dept Elect and Comp Eng (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      We consider the problem of equalizing data blocks of signals, which have been transmitted over an aeronautical channel using two different modulation schemes. The equalization is performed using the block-processing constant modulus algorithm (CMA), and in order to achieve real-time processing a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) is used to compute the gradient of this cost function during equalization. The equalizer length is chosen to be five times of the channel length. For the first experiment, we present the result of equalizing a set of measured data, which was modulated and transmitted using the iNET packet structure with SOQPSK modulation. In this case, the CMA equalizer is first initialized using MMSE and the equalizer coefficients are then updated once, using each entire block (iNET packet). In the second experiment, we apply the FFT-based block processing equalizer to received data blocks of QPSK signals, which have been randomly generated and transmitted over an aeronautical channel. A modified constant modulus algorithm and alphabet matched algorithm (CMA + AMA) equalizer is used to recover these data blocks. For this case of QPSK signals, the equalizer performance is evaluated over 500 Monte Carlo runs, using the average symbol error rate (SER).

      Xin, Hao; Wu, Junqiang; Abdelrahman, Ahmed H.; Yu, Xiaoju; Liang, Min; Univ Arizona, Dept Elect & Comp Engn (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      Dielectric materials have been applied in modifying the antenna radiation pattern, but it is usually limited to single-beam applications. The goal of this paper is to present a novel methodology to control the antenna radiation pattern based on 3D printing technology. 3D printing enables arbitrary dielectric distribution at different locations. As a result, different radiation patterns can be realized by loading an optimized dielectric material with varied permittivity. In this work, we propose a design of a quarter-wavelength monopole antenna surrounded by a low-profile 3D-printed polymer structure with an optimized dielectric distribution. Unlike the conventional omnidirectional pattern of the monopole antenna, singlebeam and multiple-beam patterns are achieved using genetic algorithm (GA) optimization.

      Astatke, Yacob; Moazzami, Farzad; Woldegebreal, Dereje H.; Kassa, Hailu Belay; Engda, Tewelgn Kebede; Menta, Estifanos Yohannes; Morgan State University, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Hawassa University, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Addis Ababa University, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      Spectral efficiency (SE), energy efficiency (EE), and transmission reliability are basic parameters to measure the performance of a cellular network. In this paper, spectral efficiency and energy efficiency tradeoff is considered keeping in mind the transmission reliability, where all the three are function of signal to noise ratio (SNR). SNR, in turn is a function of constellation size (or the number of bits per symbol) and data rate. Then, we propose a new power model which is as function of this SNR. Based on the power model, SE-EE trade-off function is evaluated taking transmission reliability in to consideration. Results confirmed that increasing constellation size results an increase in SNR and leads to a significant increase in energy efficiency without changing the transmit power. To demonstrate the validity of our analysis, channel gain and constellation size are varied keeping transmit power constant. The results also indicate that securing transmission reliability, the EE-SE trade-off is optimized by increasing the constellation size.

      Song, Jian; Zhu, Ximing; Beijing Zoweetech Ltd.; Zhongyuan Electronics Technology Institute (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      Ethernet is a common practice to reconstruct a networked telemetry system. However, Ethernet switch cannot best meet the requirement of data transportation in a telemetry system because of its asynchronous mode and the uncertainty of latency time. In addition, the temporal order of the telemetry data will be disrupted when using an Ethernet switch. A device similar to Ethernet switch is presented in this paper, which can transport data synchronously without losing the original temporal order of the telemetry data. Meantime, a special condition is arranged by the device that the timing signal could be transmit from the device to the receiver in a certain delay time, so a timing mechanism derived from IEEE 1588 PTP protocol could be adopted for high accuracy of timing and synchronous sampling control.
    • Minimum Euclidean Distance Algorithm for Indoor WiFi Received Signal Strength (RSS) Fingerprinting

      Moazzami, Farzad; Dean, Richard A.; Astatke, Yacob; Zegeye, Wondimu K.; Amsalu, Seifemichael B.; Morgan State University, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      While WiFi-based indoor localization is attractive, the need for a significant degree of pre-deployment effort is a key challenge. In this paper, indoor localization with no pre-deployment effort in an indoor space, such as an office building corridor, with WiFi coverage but no apriori knowledge of the placement of the access points(APs) is implemented for mobile devices. WiFi Received Signal Strength(RSS) in the considered environment is used to build radio maps using WiFi fingerprinting approach. Two architectures are developed based on this localization algorithm. The first one involves a client-server approach where the localization algorithm runs on the server whereas the second one is a standalone architecture and the algorithm runs on the SD card of the mobile device.

      Astatke, Yacob; Moazzami, Farzad; Woldegebreal, Dereje H.; Kassa, Hailu Belay; Aredo, Shenko Chura; Menta, Estifanos Yohannes; Morgan State University, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Hawassa University, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Institute of Technology; Addis Ababa University, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      In this paper, we propose an adaptive and multi-sector-based user clustering algorithm which increases energy efficiency in a cellular network. Adaptive sectoring with dynamically changing sector angles is illustrated with a number of randomly distributed mobile stations. Transmitted power is equally shared by sectors before adaptive user clustering. The sector angles vary from 30 to 360 degrees by merging neighboring sectors and a sector is switched off till the user density exceeds a threshold (Td). The Td value is computed from the total number of users that the cell can accommodate over the area of the cell. The sectors with less than Td density exhibits transmit power which approaches to zero or sleeping state and so that the cumulative power is saved. Simulation results show that an average of 45% to 50% energy can be saved in 10 iterations.

      Busson, Francois; Pierozak, Jean-Guy; Richard, Hugues; Kipfer, Gerard; ZODIAC AEROSPACE; ZODIAC DATA SYSTEMS (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      A telemetry facility may connect numerous telemetry receivers to a single tracking antenna depending on the number of TM channels involved in the test and on the required redundancy. The tracking data, i.e. AM normalized analog signals extracted by the receivers from the TM signal and the AGC analog signals, are sent to the Antenna Control Unit (ACU) for tracking error calculation. The number of cables between receivers and ACU becomes important in some telemetry facilities and the tracking signals being analog, the distance must be limited. This paper proposes a new tracking architecture that moves from analog to digital links between receivers and ACU with the following main benefits:  Keeping the capability to acquire tracking data (AM&AGC) from several telemetry receivers,  Having more flexibility for integration,  Improving interoperability,  Providing availability of simultaneous tracking errors for enhanced tracking algorithms, for C-band tracking improvement for example.

      Blanc, Grégory; Skrzypczak, Alexandre; Pierozak, Jean-Guy; ZODIAC AEROSPACE; ZODIAC DATA SYSTEMS (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      In a telemetry system, it has been frequently proved that multipath channels and transmission noise are the most critical sources of distortion. While equalization allows a strong limitation of the multipath effects, the noise impact can be efficiently reduced if forward error correction is used. This paper proves that the combination of blind equalization and a powerful FEC like LDPC strongly improves bit error rates for the SOQPSK modulation. We also prove that a LDPC code is able to fully correct the residual errors that may persist at the equalizer output. In other terms, the combination of equalization and LDPC code enables quasi-error free transmissions in various channel scenarios that represent the various phases of a telemetry mission.

      Rice, Michael; Hogstrom, Christopher; Nash, Christopher; Ravert, Jeffrey; Cole-Rhodes, Arlene; Moazzami, Farzad; Saquib, Mohammad; Afran, Md. Shah; Perrins, Erik; Temple, Kip; et al. (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      This paper describes the results of flight tests designed to compare data-aided equalization to blind, adaptive equalization using SOQPSK-TG in aeronautical telemetry. The flight tests were conducted on 3 June 2016 at the Air Force Flight Test Center, Edwards AFB, at upper L band (1801.5 MHz) and at C band (4711.5 MHz). Five data-aided equalizers were implemented and compared to a commercially available blind equalizer. In addition, all equalized bit streams were compared to an unequalized reference. The results show that the blind equalizer tends to be either really good or really bad. In contrast, the data-aided equalizers tend to exhibit more graceful degradation. Which equalization method is “best” is not clear as of this writing. The answer depends on a number factors that will become clear as more data from the experiments is analyzed.

      Marcellin, Michael; Boyer, Kyle; Brubaker, Laura; Everly, Kyle; Herriman, RIchard; Sackett, Mark; Tran, Huy; Univ Arizona, Dept Elect & Comp Engn (International Foundation for Telemetering, 2016-11)
      The University of Arizona Baja racing team competes annually in a grueling fourhour offroad endurance race which subjects vehicles to an array of obstacles such as jumps, boulders, and mud bogs. This paper examines the telemetering system created by the UA Baja Team to monitor a range of critical aspects of the car with the goal of detecting and identifying possible mechanical failures and areas with potential for improvement. Running on an Arduino Mega, the system stores all gathered data to an SD card and transmits it back to the pit wirelessly for realtime analysis.