Development of PIAA Complex Mask Coronagraphs for large aperture ground-based telescopes
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PublisherSPIE-INT SOC OPTICAL ENGINEERING
CitationKevin Newman ; Dan Sirbu ; Ruslan Belikov and Olivier Guyon " Development of PIAA Complex Mask Coronagraphs for large aperture ground-based telescopes ", Proc. SPIE 9912, Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation II, 99126L (July 22, 2016); doi:10.1117/12.2232164; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2232164
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AbstractThe Phase Induced Amplitude Apodization Complex Mask Coronagraph (PIAACMC) is an architecture for directly observing extrasolar planets, and can achieve performance near the theoretical limits for any direct-detection instrument. The PIAACMC architecture includes aspheric PIAA optics, and a complex phase-shifting focal plane mask that provides a pi phase shift to a portion of the on-axis starlight. The phase-shifted starlight is forced to interfere destructively with the un-shifted starlight, causing the starlight to be eliminated, and allowing a region for high-contrast imaging near the star. The PIAACMC architecture can be designed for segmented and obscured apertures, so it is particularly well suited for ground-based observing with the next generation of large telescopes. There will be unique scientific opportunities for directly observing Earth-like planets around nearby low-mass stars. We will discuss design strategies for adapting PIAACMC for the next generation of large ground-based telescopes, and present progress on the development of the focal plane mask technology. We also present simulations of wavefront control with PIAACMC, and suggest directions to apply the coronagraph architecture to future telescopes.
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