• The Role of Gilt in the Cross Presentation of the Melanoma Antigen gp100

      Johnson, Kenneth; The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix; Hastings, Karen Taraszka (The University of Arizona., 2017-05-10)
      In this study we examine the utility of using CD8+ T cell hybridomas to measure the ability of bone marrow dendritic cells (BMDCs) to internalize cancer proteins and display them to cytotoxic T cells, a process termed cross‐presentation. We test the ability of a newly generated T cell hybridoma called BUSA14 to detect cross‐presentation of the melanoma antigen gp100. BUSA14 produces a dose‐dependent response to human and mouse gp100 peptides. However, cross‐presentation of gp100 by BMDCs using SK‐MEL‐28 human melanoma cell lysates or direct MHC class I‐restricted presentation by B16 murine melanoma cells was not detected. Both SKMEL‐28 and B16 cells express gp100 protein by immunoblot, and gp100 as a membrane bound protein may be concentrated by cell fractionation techniques. We validated our crosspresentation assay with another T cell hybridoma B3Z to detect cross‐presentation of the model antigen ovalbumin. Lastly, we determined that although BUSA14 expresses the coreceptor CD8, BUSA14 lacks CD3 expression, which likely impairs the ability of this hybridoma to respond to engagement of the T cell receptor and contributes to the inability to detect presentation of native gp100 protein. To resolve these issues, we plan to use primary gp100‐specific T cells from pmel mice expressing the same T cell receptor as the BUSA14 hybridoma to detect presentation of gp100 protein. Ultimately, we plan to evaluate the requirements for cross‐presentation of gp100, including a role for gamma‐interferon‐inducible lysosomal thiol reductase (GILT), a disulfide bond reducing enzyme.