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dc.contributor.authorLewis, Daniel B.
dc.contributor.authorNelson, Whitney L.
dc.contributor.authorGrissino-Mayer, Henri D.
dc.contributor.authorCook, Edward R.
dc.contributor.authorJones, Robbie D.
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-17T16:50:05Z
dc.date.available2017-02-17T16:50:05Z
dc.date.issued2009-01
dc.identifier.citationLewis, D.B., Nelson, W.L., Grissino-Mayer, H.D., Cook, E.R., Jones, R.D., 2009. Dendrochronological dating of eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana L.) logs from Alfred's Cabin, The Hermitage, home of President Andrew Jackson. Tree-Ring Research 65(1):47-55.en
dc.identifier.issn2162-4585
dc.identifier.issn1536-1098
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/622596
dc.description.abstractAlfred Jackson was an enslaved African American born on The Hermitage plantation (outside Nashville, Tennessee) of President Andrew Jackson around 1810, and lived most of his life on the plantation. Staff from The Hermitage wished to better understand and interpret lifeways of those once enslaved on the plantation, but the date of construction of Alfred’s Cabin first had to be determined. Was it built when Alfred was enslaved or was a freedman? We extracted nearly 100 core samples from eastern red cedar logs used to construct the cabin. Of these, 39 cores were used to develop a master tree-ring chronology for the cabin. Crossdating of the Alfred’s Cabin chronology was accomplished using an eastern red cedar chronology developed by the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Tree- Ring Laboratory at Columbia University in Palisades, New York. The 39 series from Alfred’s Cabin resulted in a high-quality master tree-ring chronology, with an average inter-series correlation of 0.66 and an average mean sensitivity of 0.28. Graphical (skeleton plot and line plot) comparison and statistical crossdating with COFECHA anchored the Alfred’s Cabin chronology firmly between 1749 and 1842 (r = 0.45, n = 94 yrs, t = 4.83, p < 0.0001). Cutting dates of these 39 trees ranged from 1841 to 1843. This latter date indicates that the final trees used to construct the cabin were harvested in spring or early summer of 1843, with final construction of Alfred’s Cabin occurring soon after.
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherTree-Ring Societyen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.treeringsociety.orgen
dc.rightsCopyright © Tree-Ring Society. All rights reserved.en
dc.subjectDendrochronologyen
dc.subjectTree Ringsen
dc.subjectDendroarchaeologyen
dc.subjectConstruction Historyen
dc.subjectLog Cabinsen
dc.subjectAlfred's Cabinen
dc.subjectThe Hermitageen
dc.subjectTennesseeen
dc.titleDendrochronological Dating Of Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus Virginiana L.) Logs From Alfred's Cabin, The Hermitage, Home Of President Andrew Jacksonen_US
dc.typeArticleen
dc.typetexten
dc.contributor.departmentLaboratory of Tree-Ring Science, Department of Geography, The University of Tennesseeen
dc.contributor.departmentTree-Ring Laboratory, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia Universityen
dc.contributor.departmentDirector of Preservation, The Hermitage, Home of President Andrew Jacksonen
dc.identifier.journalTree-Ring Researchen
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item is part of the Tree-Ring Research (formerly Tree-Ring Bulletin) archive. For more information about this peer-reviewed scholarly journal, please email the Editor of Tree-Ring Research at editor@treeringsociety.org.en
refterms.dateFOA2018-06-23T04:28:51Z
html.description.abstractAlfred Jackson was an enslaved African American born on The Hermitage plantation (outside Nashville, Tennessee) of President Andrew Jackson around 1810, and lived most of his life on the plantation. Staff from The Hermitage wished to better understand and interpret lifeways of those once enslaved on the plantation, but the date of construction of Alfred’s Cabin first had to be determined. Was it built when Alfred was enslaved or was a freedman? We extracted nearly 100 core samples from eastern red cedar logs used to construct the cabin. Of these, 39 cores were used to develop a master tree-ring chronology for the cabin. Crossdating of the Alfred’s Cabin chronology was accomplished using an eastern red cedar chronology developed by the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Tree- Ring Laboratory at Columbia University in Palisades, New York. The 39 series from Alfred’s Cabin resulted in a high-quality master tree-ring chronology, with an average inter-series correlation of 0.66 and an average mean sensitivity of 0.28. Graphical (skeleton plot and line plot) comparison and statistical crossdating with COFECHA anchored the Alfred’s Cabin chronology firmly between 1749 and 1842 (r = 0.45, n = 94 yrs, t = 4.83, p < 0.0001). Cutting dates of these 39 trees ranged from 1841 to 1843. This latter date indicates that the final trees used to construct the cabin were harvested in spring or early summer of 1843, with final construction of Alfred’s Cabin occurring soon after.


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