Towards characterizing the adaptive capacity of farmer-managed irrigation systems: learnings from Nepal
Final Published Version
AffiliationSchool of Geography and Development, The University of Arizona,
Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy, The University of Arizona
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PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
CitationTowards characterizing the adaptive capacity of farmer-managed irrigation systems: learnings from Nepal 2016, 21:37 Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
Rights© 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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AbstractSmall-scale irrigation systems managed by farmers are facing multiple challenges including competing water demand, climatic variability and change, and socioeconomic transformation. Though the relevant institutions for irrigation management have developed coping and adaptation mechanisms, the intensity and frequency of the changes have weakened their institutional adaptive capacity. Using case examples mostly from Nepal, this paper studies the interconnections between seven key dimensions of adaptive capacity: the five capitals (human, financial, natural, social, and physical), governance, and learning. Long-term adaptation requires harnessing the synergies and tradeoffs between generic adaptive capacity that fosters broader development goals and specific adaptive capacity that strengthens climate-risk management. Measuring and addressing the interrelations among the seven adaptive capacity dimensions aids in strengthening the long term sustainability of farmer-managed irrigation systems.
NotePublished open access.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsUK Government's Department for International Development and the International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, Canada; ICIMOD; government of Afghanistan; government of Australia; government of Austria; government of Bangladesh; government of Bhutan; government of China; government of India; government of Myanmar; government of Nepal; government of Norway; government of Pakistan; government of Switzerland; government of United Kingdom; International Water Security Network, funded by Lloyd's Register Foundation (LRF)