HYDROGEN EMISSION FROM THE IONIZED GASEOUS HALOS OF LOW-REDSHIFT GALAXIES
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
Univ Arizona, Dept Phys
galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationHYDROGEN EMISSION FROM THE IONIZED GASEOUS HALOS OF LOW-REDSHIFT GALAXIES 2016, 833 (2):276 The Astrophysical Journal
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Rights© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractUsing a sample of nearly half a million galaxies, intersected by over 7 million lines of sight from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 12, we trace H alpha + [N II] emission from a galactocentric projected radius, r(p), of 5 kpc to more than 100 kpc. The emission flux surface brightness is alpha r(p) 1.9 +/- 0.4. We obtain consistent results using only the Ha or [N II] flux. We measure a stronger signal for the bluer half of the target sample than for the redder half on small scales, r(p) < 20 kpc. We obtain a 3 sigma detection of H alpha + [N II] emission in the 50-100 kpc r(p) bin. The mean emission flux within this bin is (1.10 +/- 0.35) x 10(-20) erg cm(-2) s(-1) angstrom(-1), which corresponds to 1.87 x 10(-20) erg cm(-2) s(-1) arcsec(-2) or 0.0033 Rayleigh. This detection is 34 times fainter than a previous strict limit obtained using deep narrow-band imaging. The faintness of the signal demonstrates why it has been so difficult to trace recombination radiation out to large radii around galaxies. This signal, combined with published estimates of n(H), leads us to estimate the temperature of the gas to be 12,000 K, consistent with independent empirical estimates based on metal ion absorption lines and expectations from numerical simulations.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNASA ADAP [NNX12AE27G]; NSF [AST-1311326]; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation; National Science Foundation; U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science; University of Arizona; Brazilian Participation Group; Brookhaven National Laboratory; Carnegie Mellon University; University of Florida; French Participation Group; German Participation Group; Harvard University; Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias; Michigan State/Notre Dame/JINA Participation Group; Johns Hopkins University; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics; Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics; New Mexico State University; New York University; Ohio State University; Pennsylvania State University; University of Portsmouth; Princeton University; Spanish Participation Group; University of Tokyo; University of Utah; Vanderbilt University; University of Virginia; University of Washington; Yale University; [NSF-1313302]
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STELLAR MASS–GAS-PHASE METALLICITY RELATION AT 0.5 ≤ z ≤ 0.7: A POWER LAW WITH INCREASING SCATTER TOWARD THE LOW-MASS REGIMEGuo, Yicheng; Koo, David C.; Lu, Yu; Forbes, John C.; Rafelski, Marc; Trump, Jonathan R.; Amorín, Ricardo; Barro, Guillermo; Davé, Romeel; Faber, S. M.; et al. (IOP PUBLISHING LTD, 2016-05-11)We present the stellar mass (M-*)-gas-phase metallicity relation (MZR) and its scatter at intermediate redshifts (0.5 <= z <= 0.7) for 1381 field galaxies collected from deep spectroscopic surveys. The star formation rate (SFR) and color at a given M-* of this magnitude-limited (R less than or similar to 24 AB) sample are representative of normal star-forming galaxies. For masses below 10(9) M-circle dot, our sample of 237 galaxies is similar to 10 times larger than those in previous studies beyond the local universe. This huge gain in sample size enables superior constraints on the MZR and its scatter in the low-mass regime. We find a power-law MZR at 10(8) M-circle dot < M-* < 10(11) M-circle dot: 12 + log (O/H) = (5.83 +/- 0.19)+(0.30 +/- 0.02) log (M-*/M-circle dot). At 10(9) M-circle dot < M-* < 10(10.5) M-circle dot, our MZR shows agreement with others measured at similar redshifts in the literature. Our power-law slope is, however, shallower than the extrapolation of the MZRs of others to masses below 10(9) M-circle dot. The SFR dependence of the MZR in our sample is weaker than that found for local galaxies (known as the fundamental metallicity relation). Compared to a variety of theoretical models, the slope of our MZR for low-mass galaxies agrees well with predictions incorporating supernova energy-driven winds. Being robust against currently uncertain metallicity calibrations, the scatter of the MZR serves as a powerful diagnostic of the stochastic history of gas accretion, gas recycling, and star formation of low-mass galaxies. Our major result is that the scatter of our MZR increases as M-* decreases. Our result implies that either the scatter of the baryonic accretion rate (sigma((M) over dot)) or the scatter of the M-*-M-halo relation (sigma(SHMR)) increases as M-* decreases. Moreover, our measure of scatter at z = 0.7 appears consistent with that found for local galaxies. This lack of redshift evolution constrains models of galaxy evolution to have both sigma((M) over dot) and sigma(SHMR) remain unchanged from z = 0.7 to z = 0.
Planck's dusty GEMS III. A massive lensing galaxy with a bottom-heavy stellar initial mass function at z=1.5Canameras, R.; Nesvadba, N. P. H.; Kneissl, R.; Limousin, M.; Gavazzi, R.; Scott, D.; Dole, H.; Frye, B.; Koenig, S.; Le Floc'h, E.; et al. (EDP SCIENCES S A, 2017-03-24)We study the properties of the foreground galaxy of the Ruby, the brightest gravitationally lensed high-redshift galaxy on the sub-millimeter sky as probed by the Planck satellite, and part of our sample of Planck's dusty GEMS. The Ruby consists of an Einstein ring of 1.4" diameter at z = 3.005 observed with ALMA at 0.1" resolution, centered on a faint, red, massive lensing galaxy seen with HST/WFC3, which itself has an exceptionally high redshift, z = 1.525 +/- 0.001, as confirmed with VLT/X-shooter spectroscopy. Here we focus on the properties of the lens and the lensing model obtained with LENSTOOL. The rest-frame optical morphology of this system is strongly dominated by the lens, while the Ruby itself is highly obscured, and contributes less than 10% to the photometry out to the K band. The foreground galaxy has a lensing mass of (3.70 +/- 0.35) x 10(11) M-Theta Magnification factors are between 7 and 38 for individual clumps forming two image families along the Einstein ring. We present a decomposition of the foreground and background sources in the WFC3 images, and stellar population synthesis modeling with a range of star-formation histories for Chabrier and Salpeter initial mass functions (IMFs). Only the stellar mass range obtained with the latter agrees well with the lensing mass. This is consistent with the bottom-heavy IMFs of massive high-redshift galaxies expected from detailed studies of the stellar masses and mass profiles of their low-redshift descendants, and from models of turbulent gas fragmentation. This may be the first direct constraint on the IMF in a lens at z = 1.5, which is not a cluster central galaxy.
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