AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ, Vatican Observ Res Grp
Keywordstechniques: radial velocities
stars: kinematics and dynamics
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherEDP SCIENCES S A
CitationRadial velocities of K–M dwarfs and local stellar kinematics 2016, 596:A116 Astronomy & Astrophysics
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Rights© ESO, 2016
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractAims. The goal of this paper is to present complete radial-velocity data for the spectroscopically selected McCormick sample of nearby K-M dwarfs and, based on these and supplementary data, to determine the space-velocity distributions of late-type stars in the solar neighborhood. Methods. We analyzed nearly 3300 measurements of radial velocities for 1049 K-M dwarfs, that we obtained during the past decade with a CORAVEL-type instrument, with a primary emphasis on detecting and eliminating from kinematic calculations the spectroscopic binaries and binary candidates. Combining radial-velocity data with HIPPARCOS/Tycho-2 astrometry we calculated the space-velocity components and parameters of the galactic orbits in a three-component model potential for the stars in the sample, that we use for kinematical analysis and for the identification of possible candidate members of nearby stellar kinematic groups. Results. We present the catalog of our observations of radial velocities for 959 stars which are not suspected of velocity variability, along with the catalog of U, V, W velocities and Galactic orbital parameters for a total of 1088 K-M stars which are used in the present kinematic analysis. Of these, 146 stars were identified as possible candidate members of the known nearby kinematic groups and suspected subgroups. The distributions of space-velocity components, orbital eccentricities, and maximum distances from the Galactic plane are consistent with the presence of young, intermediate-age and old populations of the thin disk and a small fraction (similar to 3%) of stars with the thick disk kinematics. The kinematic structure gives evidence that the bulk of K-M type stars in the immediate solar vicinity represents a dynamically relaxed stellar population. The star MCC 869 is found to be on a retrograde Galactic orbit (V = -262 km s(-1)) of low inclination (4 degrees) and can be a member of stellar stream of some dissolved structure. The Sun's velocity with respect to the Local Standard of Rest, derived from the distributions of space-velocity components, is (U-circle dot, V-circle dot, W-circle dot) = (9.0 +/- 1.4, 13.1 +/- 0.6, 7.2 +/- 0.8) km s(-1). The radial solar motion derived via the Stromberg's relation, V-circle dot = 14.2 +/- 0.8 km s(-1), agrees within the errors with the value obtained directly from the V distribution of stars on nearly circular orbits.
NoteOpen access journal.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsResearch Council of Lithuania [MIP-132/2010]