Unique Bacteria Community Composition and Co-occurrence in the Milk of Different Ruminants
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Sch Anim & Comparat Biomed Sci
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
CitationUnique Bacteria Community Composition and Co-occurrence in the Milk of Different Ruminants 2017, 7:40950 Scientific Reports
Rights© The Author(s) 2017. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractLactation provides the singular source of nourishment to the offspring of mammals. This nutrition source also contains a diverse microbiota affecting the development and health of the newborn. Here, we examined the milk microbiota in water deer (Hydropotes inermis, the most primitive member of the family Cervidae), reindeer (Rangifer tarandus, the oldest semi-domesticated cervid), and the dairy goat (Capra aegagrus, member of the family Bovidae), to determine if common milk microbiota species were present across all three ruminant species. The results showed that water deer had the highest bacterial diversity, followed by reindeer, and then goat. Unifrac distance and correspondence analyses revealed that water deer harbored an increased abundance of Pseudomonas spp. and Acinetobacter spp., while milk from reindeer and goat was dominated by unclassified bacteria from the family Hyphomicrobiaceae and Bacillus spp., respectively. These data indicate significant differences in the composition of milk-based bacterial communities. The presence of Halomonas spp. in three distinct co-occurrence networks of bacterial interactions revealed both common and unique features in milk niches. These results suggest that the milk of water deer and reindeer harbor unique bacterial communities compared with the goat, which might reflect host microbial adaptation caused by evolution.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNatural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) 
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © The Author(s) 2017. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Analysis of raw goat milk microbiota: impact of stage of lactation and lysozyme on microbial diversity.
- Authors: McInnis EA, Kalanetra KM, Mills DA, Maga EA
- Issue date: 2015 Apr
- Diversity of rumen bacteria in canadian cervids.
- Authors: Gruninger RJ, Sensen CW, McAllister TA, Forster RJ
- Issue date: 2014
- Molecular diversity of rumen bacterial communities from tannin-rich and fiber-rich forage fed domestic Sika deer (Cervus nippon) in China.
- Authors: Li ZP, Liu HL, Li GY, Bao K, Wang KY, Xu C, Yang YF, Yang FH, Wright AD
- Issue date: 2013 Jul 8
- Infectious keratoconjunctivitis in semi-domesticated Eurasian tundra reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus): microbiological study of clinically affected and unaffected animals with special reference to cervid herpesvirus 2.
- Authors: Sánchez Romano J, Mørk T, Laaksonen S, Ågren E, Nymo IH, Sunde M, Tryland M
- Issue date: 2018 Jan 16
- Comparison of the compositions of the stool microbiotas of infants fed goat milk formula, cow milk-based formula, or breast milk.
- Authors: Tannock GW, Lawley B, Munro K, Gowri Pathmanathan S, Zhou SJ, Makrides M, Gibson RA, Sullivan T, Prosser CG, Lowry D, Hodgkinson AJ
- Issue date: 2013 May