Comparative Analysis of Multiple Data Sources for Travel Time and Delay Measurement
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractArterial performance measurement is an essential tool for both researchers and practitioners, guiding decisions on traffic management, future improvements, and public information. Link travel time and intersection control delay are two primary performance measures that are used to evaluate arterial level of service. Despite recent technological advancements, collecting travel time and intersection delay data can be a time-consuming and complicated process. Limited budgets, numerous available technologies, a rapidly changing field, and other challenges make performance measurement and comparison of data sources difficult. Three common data collection sources (probe vehicles, Bluetooth media access control readers, and manual queue length counts) are often used for performance measurement and validation of new data methods. Comparing these and other data sources is important as agencies and researchers collect arterial performance data. This study provides a methodology for comparing data sources, using statistical tests and linear correlation to compare methods and identify strengths and weaknesses. Additionally, this study examines data normality as an issue that is seldom considered, yet can affect the performance of statistical tests. These comparisons can provide insight into the selection of a particular data source for use in the field or for research. Data collected along Grant Road in Tucson, Arizona, was used as a case study to evaluate the methodology and the data sources. For evaluating travel time, GPS probe vehicle and Bluetooth sources produced similar results. Bluetooth can provide a greater volume of data more easily in addition to samples large enough for more rigorous statistical evaluation, but probe vehicles are more versatile and provide higher resolution data. For evaluating intersection delay, probe vehicle and queue count methods did not always produce similar results.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics