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The Coupling of Peripheral Blood Pressure and Ventilatory Responses during Exercise in Young Adults with Cystic Fibrosis
AuthorVan Iterson, Erik H.
Wheatley, Courtney M.
Baker, Sarah E.
Olson, Thomas P.
Morgan, Wayne J.
Snyder, Eric M.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Coll Pharm
Univ Arizona, Dept Pediat
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
CitationThe Coupling of Peripheral Blood Pressure and Ventilatory Responses during Exercise in Young Adults with Cystic Fibrosis 2016, 11 (12):e0168490 PLOS ONE
Rights© 2016 Van Iterson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractPurpose Cystic fibrosis (CF) is commonly recognized as a pulmonary disease associated with reduced airway function. Another primary symptom of CF is low exercise capacity where ventilation and gas-exchange are exacerbated. However, an independent link between pathophysiology of the pulmonary system and abnormal ventilatory and gas-exchange responses during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) has not been established in CF. Complicating this understanding, accumulating evidence suggests CF demonstrate abnormal peripheral vascular function; although, the clinical implications are unclear. We hypothesized that compared to controls, relative to total work performed (Work(TOT)), CF would demonstrate increased ventilation accompanied by augmented systolic blood pressure (SBP) during CPET. Methods 16 CF and 23 controls (age: 23 4 vs. 27 4 years, P = 0.11; FEV1%predicted: 73 14 vs. 96 5, P<0.01) participated in CPET. Breath-by-breath oxygen uptake (VO2), ventilation (VE), and carbon dioxide output (VCO2) were measured continuously during incremental 3-min stage step-wise cycle ergometry CPET. SBP was measured via manual sphygmomanometry. Linear regression was used to calculate V-E/VCO2 slope from rest to peak-exercise. Results Compared to controls, CF performed less WorkTOT during CPET (90 19 vs. 43 14 kJ, respectively, P<0.01). With Work(TOT) as a covariate, peak VE (62 8 vs. 90 4 L/min, P = 0.76), VCO2 (1.8 +/- 0.3 vs. 2.7 +/- 0.1 L/min, P = 0.40), and SBP (144 +/- 13 vs. 152 +/- 6 mmHg, P = 0.88) were similar between CF and controls, respectively; whereas CF demonstrated increased VE/VCO2 slope (38 4 vs. 28 2, P=0.02) but lower peak VO2 versus controls (22 +/- 5 vs. 33 +/- 4 mUkg/min, P<0.01). There were modest-to-moderate correlations between peak SBP with VO2 (r=0.30), V-E (r= 0.70), and VCO2 (r=0.62) in CF. Conclusions These data suggest that relative to Work(TOT), young adults with mild-to-moderate severity CF demonstrate augmented V-E/VCO2 slope accompanied by increased SBP during CPET. Although the underlying mechanisms remain unclear, the coupling of ventilatory inefficiency with increased blood pressure suggest important contributions from peripheral pathophysiology to low exercise capacity in CF.
NoteOpen Access Journal.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNational Institutes of Health (NHLBI) [HL108962]
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