Project BOOST and Cardiovascular Disease Readmissions in a Rural Acute Care Facility
Affordable Care Act
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractHospital readmissions are a source of reduced payment as mandated by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services as part of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The number of dollars used for hospital readmissions has sky rocketed above $17 million for heart failure alone. The changes in the ACA reimbursement guidelines has put stress on many hospitals as they are facing reduced income, increased use of resources, and increased length of stay. This project evaluated the implementation of Project BOOST, its components, and their predictability for hospital readmission. Sample groups were evaluated both pre- and post-implementation of Project BOOST, which included individuals aged 18 and older, who were of Anglo, Hispanic or Native American descent, and living in Northern Arizona. A retrospective chart review was performed and descriptive and predictive statistics were used to analyze obtained data. Patients with cardiovascular disease admitted to the study hospital have high risks for readmission, such as problem medications, polypharmacy, psychological Issues, and principal diagnoses. Integrating elements from Project BOOST significantly decreased 30-day hospital readmissions. Data from this study revealed a statistically significant reduction in 30-day hospital readmission rates from 22% in the pre-intervention period to just 4% in the post-intervention period. Patients who did not receive the risk assessment tool were 14 times more likely to be readmitted to the hospital within 30 days of the index hospitalization.
Degree ProgramGraduate College