dc.contributor.author Mancheno-Posse, Pablo en dc.contributor.author Muscat, Anthony J. en dc.date.accessioned 2017-04-06T18:38:32Z dc.date.available 2017-04-06T18:38:32Z dc.date.issued 2017-04-06 dc.identifier.citation Mancheno-Posso, P., & Muscat, A. J. (2017). Self-assembly of alkanethiolates directs sulfur bonding with GaAs (100). Applied Surface Science, 397, 1-12. en dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.11.016 dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10150/623038 dc.description.abstract Molecules that contain linear alkane chains self-assemble on a variety of surfaces changing the degree of wetting, lubricity, and reactivity. We report on the reoxidation of GaAs(100) in air after adsorbing five alkanethiols (C$_n$H$_{2n+1}$-SH where $n=$ 3, 6, 12, 18, 20) and one alkanedithiol (HS-(CH$_2$)$_8$-SH) deposited from the liquid phase. The alignment of the alkane chains forms a self-assembled layer, however, air diffuses readily through the carbon layer and reaches the surface. The impact of alignment is to improve the bonding of sulfur with the surface atoms which reduces the oxidation rate based on fitting the data to a reaction-diffusion model. The layer thickness and molecular density scale linearly with the number of carbon atoms in the alkane chain. The thickness of the alkanethiolate (RS$^{-}$) layer grows by $0.87 \pm 0.06$ {\AA} for each C atom in the chain and the surface density by $0.13 \pm 0.03$ molecule per nm$^2$ per C atom up to a coverage of 5.0 molecules/nm$^2$ for $n=20$ or 0.8 monolayer. The surface coverage increases with length because interactions between methylene (CH$_2$) groups in neighboring chains reduce the tilt angle of the molecules with the surface normal. The tight packing yields areas per alkanethiolate as low as 20 \AA$^2$ for $n=20$. The amount of C in the layer divided by the chain length is approximately constant up to $n=12$ but increases sharply by a factor of 2-4$\times$ for $n=18$ and 20 based on the C 1s x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) peak. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy shows that the asymmetric methylene stretch shifts continuously to lower wavenumber and the relative peak area increases sharply with the length of the alkane chain. Fitting the data to a reaction-diffusion model shows that for times less than 30 min the surface oxide coverage does not depend on the thickness of the self-assembled layer nor the diffusivity of oxygen through the layer. Instead increasing the layer thickness makes more S available for bonding with the predominately As termination and reduces the rate coefficient for reaction of oxygen with the GaAs surface. dc.description.sponsorship Intel Corporation en dc.language.iso en en dc.publisher Elsevier en dc.relation.url http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.11.016 en dc.rights © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. en dc.subject Passivation en dc.subject Self-assembled monolayer en dc.subject Liquid phase en dc.subject Alkanethiol en dc.subject GaAs(100) en dc.title Self-assembly of alkanethiolates directs sulfur bonding with GaAs(100) en dc.type Article en dc.contributor.department Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Arizona en dc.identifier.journal Applied Surface Science en dc.description.note 24 month Embargo; Available online 9 November 2016 en dc.description.collectioninformation This item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu. en dc.eprint.version Final accepted manuscript en html.description.abstract Molecules that contain linear alkane chains self-assemble on a variety of surfaces changing the degree of wetting, lubricity, and reactivity. We report on the reoxidation of GaAs(100) in air after adsorbing five alkanethiols (C$_n$H$_{2n+1}$-SH where $n=$ 3, 6, 12, 18, 20) and one alkanedithiol (HS-(CH$_2$)$_8$-SH) deposited from the liquid phase. The alignment of the alkane chains forms a self-assembled layer, however, air diffuses readily through the carbon layer and reaches the surface. The impact of alignment is to improve the bonding of sulfur with the surface atoms which reduces the oxidation rate based on fitting the data to a reaction-diffusion model. The layer thickness and molecular density scale linearly with the number of carbon atoms in the alkane chain. The thickness of the alkanethiolate (RS$^{-}$) layer grows by $0.87 \pm 0.06$ {\AA} for each C atom in the chain and the surface density by $0.13 \pm 0.03$ molecule per nm$^2$ per C atom up to a coverage of 5.0 molecules/nm$^2$ for $n=20$ or 0.8 monolayer. The surface coverage increases with length because interactions between methylene (CH$_2$) groups in neighboring chains reduce the tilt angle of the molecules with the surface normal. The tight packing yields areas per alkanethiolate as low as 20 \AA$^2$ for $n=20$. The amount of C in the layer divided by the chain length is approximately constant up to $n=12$ but increases sharply by a factor of 2-4$\times$ for $n=18$ and 20 based on the C 1s x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) peak. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy shows that the asymmetric methylene stretch shifts continuously to lower wavenumber and the relative peak area increases sharply with the length of the alkane chain. Fitting the data to a reaction-diffusion model shows that for times less than 30 min the surface oxide coverage does not depend on the thickness of the self-assembled layer nor the diffusivity of oxygen through the layer. Instead increasing the layer thickness makes more S available for bonding with the predominately As termination and reduces the rate coefficient for reaction of oxygen with the GaAs surface.
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