Inner mean-motion resonances with eccentric planets: a possible origin for exozodiacal dust clouds
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ, Dept Astron
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PublisherOXFORD UNIV PRESS
CitationInner mean-motion resonances with eccentric planets: a possible origin for exozodiacal dust clouds 2017, 465 (2):2352 Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Rights© 2016 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
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AbstractHigh levels of dust have been detected in the immediate vicinity of many stars, both young and old. A promising scenario to explain the presence of this short-lived dust is that these analogues to the zodiacal cloud (or exozodis) are refilled in situ through cometary activity and sublimation. As the reservoir of comets is not expected to be replenished, the presence of these exozodis in old systems has yet to be adequately explained. It was recently suggested that mean-motion resonances with exterior planets on moderately eccentric (e(p) greater than or similar to 0.1) orbits could scatter planetesimals on to cometary orbits with delays of the order of several 100 Myr. Theoretically, this mechanism is also expected to sustain continuous production of active comets once it has started, potentially over Gyr time-scales. We aim here to investigate the ability of this mechanism to generate scattering on to cometary orbits compatible with the production of an exozodi on long time-scales. We combine analytical predictions and complementary numerical N-body simulations to study its characteristics. We show, using order of magnitude estimates, that via this mechanism, low-mass discs comparable to the Kuiper belt could sustain comet scattering at rates compatible with the presence of the exozodis which are detected around Solar-type stars, and on Gyr time-scales. We also find that the levels of dust detected around Vega could be sustained via our proposed mechanism if an eccentric Jupiter-like planet were present exterior to the system's cold debris disc.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsFondo Nacional de Desarrollo Cientifico y Tecnologico (FONDECYT) Postdoctoral Fellowships [3150106, 3140479]; Chilean Ministry of Economy [RC130007]; Millennium Nucleus 'Protoplanetary Disks'; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) [2164/15-1]; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica-Chile through FONDECYT grant ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica-Chile through Basal grant [PFB0609]; VRI