AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Econ, Eller Coll Management
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherPUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
CitationExposure to Poverty and Productivity 2017, 12 (1):e0170231 PLOS ONE
Rights© 2017 Dalton et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
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AbstractWe study whether exposure to poverty can induce affective states that decrease productivity. In a controlled laboratory setting, we find that subjects randomly assigned to a treatment, in which they view a video featuring individuals that live in extreme poverty, exhibit lower subsequent productivity compared to subjects assigned to a control treatment. Questionnaire responses, as well as facial recognition software, provide quantitative measures of the affective state evoked by the two treatments. Subjects exposed to images of poverty experience a more negative affective state than those in the control treatment. Further analysis shows that individuals in a more positive emotional state exhibit less of a treatment effect. Also, those who exhibit greater attentiveness upon viewing the poverty video are less productive. The results are consistent with the notion that exposure to poverty can induce a psychological state in individuals that adversely affects productivity.
NoteOpen Access Journal.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsCenter for Economic Research at Tilburg University