Visual Motor and Perceptual Task Performance in Astigmatic Students
AuthorHarvey, Erin M.
Twelker, J. Daniel
Miller, Joseph M.
Leonard-Green, Tina K.
Mohan, Kathleen M.
Davis, Amy L.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Ophthalmol & Vis Sci
Univ Arizona, Mel & Enid Zuckerman Coll Publ Hlth
Univ Arizona, Ctr Opt Sci
MetadataShow full item record
CitationVisual Motor and Perceptual Task Performance in Astigmatic Students 2017, 2017:1 Journal of Ophthalmology
JournalJournal of Ophthalmology
RightsCopyright © 2017 Erin M. Harvey et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractPurpose. To determine if spectacle corrected and uncorrected astigmats show reduced performance on visual motor and perceptual tasks. Methods. Third through 8th grade students were assigned to the low refractive error control group (astigmatism < 1.00 D, myopia < 0.75 D, hyperopia < 2.50 D, and anisometropia < 1.50 D) or bilateral astigmatism group (right and left eye >= 1.00 D) based on cycloplegic refraction. Students completed the Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual Motor Integration (VMI) and Visual Perception (VMIp). Astigmats were randomly assigned to testing with/without correction and control group was tested uncorrected. Analyses compared VMI and VMIp scores for corrected and uncorrected astigmats to the control group. Results. The sample included 333 students (control group 170, astigmats tested with correction 75, and astigmats tested uncorrected 88). Mean VMI score in corrected astigmats did not differ from the control group (p = 0.829). Uncorrected astigmats had lower VMI scores than the control group (p = 0.038) and corrected astigmats (p = 0.007). Mean VMIp scores for uncorrected (p = 0.209) and corrected astigmats (p = 0.124) did not differ from the control group. Uncorrected astigmats had lower mean scores than the corrected astigmats (p = 0.003). Conclusions. Uncorrected astigmatism influences visual motor and perceptual task performance. Previously spectacle treated astigmats do not show developmental deficits on visual motor or perceptual tasks when tested with correction.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNational Eye Institute/National Institutes of Health [U10-EY13153]; Research to Prevent Blindness