Isosymmetric pressure-induced bonding increase changes compression behavior of clinopyroxenes across jadeite-aegirine solid solution in subduction zones
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Geosci
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PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
CitationIsosymmetric pressure-induced bonding increase changes compression behavior of clinopyroxenes across jadeite-aegirine solid solution in subduction zones 2017, 122 (1):142 Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
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AbstractPyroxenes are among the most important minerals of Earth's crust and upper mantle and play significant role in controlling subduction at convergent margins. In this study, synchrotron-based single-crystal X-ray diffraction experiments were carried out on a natural aegirine [NaFe3+Si2O6] sample at ambient temperature and high pressures to 60GPa, simulating conditions within the coldest part of a subduction zone consisting of old lithosphere. The diffraction data reveal no obvious sign of structural phase transition in aegirine within this pressure range; however, several relevant structural parameter trends change noticeably at approximately 24GPa, indicating the presence of the previously predicted isosymmetric bonding change, related to increase of coordination number of Na+ at M2 site. The pressure-volume data, fit with third-order Birch-Murnaghan (BM3) equation of state over the whole pressure range, yields K-T0=126(2)GPa and K-T0=3.3(1), while separate BM3 fits performed for the 0-24.0GPa and 29.9-60.4GPa pressure ranges give K-T0=118(3)GPa, K-T0=4.2(3) and K-T0=133(2)GPa, K-T0=3.0(1), suggesting that the structure stiffens as a result of the new bond formation. Aegirine exhibits strong anisotropic compression with unit strain axial ratios epsilon(1):epsilon(2):epsilon(3)=1.00:2.44:1.64. Structural refinements reveal that NaO8 polyhedron is the most compressible and SiO4 tetrahedron has the lowest compressibility. The consequence of bonding transition is that the compressional behavior of aegirine below similar to 24GPa and above that pressure is quite different, with likely consequences for relevant thermodynamic parameters and ion diffusion coefficients.
Note6 month embargo; First published: 12 January 2017
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNational Science Foundation-Geosciences [EAR-1128799]; Department of Energy-Geosciences [DE-FG02-94ER14466]; COMPRES under NSF [EAR 11-57758]; GSECARS; National Science Foundation [EAR-1344942]; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; NSF [EAR-1440005]; US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences [DE-AC02-06CH11357]; Chinese Academy of Sciences [XDB 18010401]; Graduate Student Joint Training Program of the Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences