Impact of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on quality of life in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
Goodwin, James L
Kushida, Clete A
Walsh, James A
Simon, Richard D
Nichols, Deborah A
Quan, Stuart F
AffiliationDivision of Sleep and Circadian Disorders Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Division of Sleep Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
Arizona Respiratory Center, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ, USA
Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.
St Luke's Hospital, Chesterfield, MO, USA
St Mary Medical Center, Walla Walla, WA, USA
MetadataShow full item record
CitationImpact of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on quality of life in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). 2016, 25 (6):731-738 J Sleep Res
JournalJournal of sleep research
Rights© 2016 European Sleep Research Society
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractObstructive sleep apnea is a chronic illness with increasing prevalence. In addition to associated cardiovascular comorbidities, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome has been linked to poor quality of life, occupational accidents, and motor vehicle crashes secondary to excessive daytime sleepiness. Although continuous positive airway pressure is the gold standard for sleep apnea treatment, its effects on quality of life are not well defined. In the current study we investigated the effects of treatment on quality of life using the data from the Apnea Positive Pressure Long-term Efficacy Study (APPLES), a randomized controlled trial of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) versus sham CPAP. The Calgary Sleep Apnea Quality of Life Index (SAQLI) was used to assess quality of life. Overall we found no significant improvement in quality of life among sleep apnea patients after CPAP treatment. However, after stratifying by OSA severity, it was found that long-term improvement in quality of life might occur with the use of CPAP in people with severe and possibly moderate sleep apnea, and no demonstrable improvement in quality of life was noted among participants with mild obstructive sleep apnea.
Note12 month embargo; Version of record online: 30 May 2016
VersionFinal accepted manuscript
SponsorsNational Heart, Lung and Blood Institute: 5UO1-HL-068060, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: N44-NS-002394