Stellar and Planetary Parameters for K2's Late-type Dwarf Systems from C1 to C5
AuthorMartinez, Arturo O.
Crossfield, Ian J. M.
Schlieder, Joshua E.
Dressing, Courtney D.
Beichman, Charles A.
Aller, Kimberly M.
Chance, Quadry A.
Petigura, Erik A.
Howard, Andrew W.
Werner, Michael W.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Lunar & Planetary Lab
Univ Arizona, Steward Observ
Keywordsmethods: data analysis
stars: fundamental parameters
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationStellar and Planetary Parameters for K2's Late-type Dwarf Systems from C1 to C5 2017, 837 (1):72 The Astrophysical Journal
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Rights© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractThe NASA K2 mission uses photometry to find planets transiting stars of various types. M dwarfs are of high interest since they host more short-period planets than any other type of main-sequence star and transiting planets around M dwarfs have deeper transits compared to other main-sequence stars. In this paper, we present stellar parameters from K and M dwarfs hosting transiting planet candidates discovered by our team. Using the SOFI spectrograph on the European Southern Observatory's New Technology Telescope, we obtained R approximate to 1000 J-, H-, and K-band (0.95-2.52 mu m) spectra of 34 late-type K2 planet and candidate planet host systems and 12 bright K4-M5 dwarfs with interferometrically measured radii and effective temperatures. Out of our 34 late-type K2 targets, we identify 27 of these stars as M dwarfs. We measure equivalent widths of spectral features, derive calibration relations using stars with interferometric measurements, and estimate stellar radii, effective temperatures, masses, and luminosities for the K2 planet hosts. Our calibrations provide radii and temperatures with median uncertainties of 0.059 R-circle dot (16.09%) and 160 K (4.33%), respectively. We then reassess the radii and equilibrium temperatures of known and candidate planets based on our spectroscopically derived stellar parameters. Since a planet's radius and equilibrium temperature depend on the parameters of its host star, our study provides more precise planetary parameters for planets and candidates orbiting late-type stars observed with K2. We find a median planet radius and an equilibrium temperature of approximately 3 R-circle plus and 500 K, respectively, with several systems (K2-18b and K2-72e) receiving near-Earth-like levels of incident irradiation.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNational Science Foundation [AST-1322432]; PAARE Grant for the California-Arizona Minority Partnership for Astronomy Research and Education (CAMPARE) [DUE-1356133]; Cal-Bridge CSU-UC PhD Bridge Program; Spitzer [GO 11026]; California Institute of Technology/Jet Propulsion Laboratory - NASA through the Sagan Fellowship Program; National Geographic Society