The footprints of 16 year trends of Arctic springtime cloud and radiation properties on September sea ice retreat
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Hydrol & Atmospher Sci
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
CitationThe footprints of 16 year trends of Arctic springtime cloud and radiation properties on September sea ice retreat 2017, 122 (4):2179 Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Rights©2017. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
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AbstractThe most prominent September Arctic sea ice decline over the period of 2000-2015 occurs over the Siberian Sea, Laptev Sea, and Kara Sea. The satellite observed and retrieved sea ice concentration (SIC) and cloud/radiation properties over the Arctic (70 degrees-90 degrees N) have been used to investigate the impact of springtime cloud and radiation properties on September SIC variation. Positive trends of cloud fractions, cloud water paths, and surface downward longwave flux at the surface over the September sea ice retreat areas are found over the period of 1 March to 14 May, while negative trends are found over the period of 15 May to 28 June. The spatial distributions of correlations between springtime cloud/radiation properties and September SIC have been calculated, indicating that increasing cloud fractions and downward longwave flux during springtime tend to enhance sea ice melting due to strong cloud warming effect. Surface downward and upward shortwave fluxes play an important role from May to June when the onset of sea ice melting occurs. The comparison between linearly detrended and nondetrended of each parameter indicates that significant impact of cloud and radiation properties on September sea ice retreat occurs over the Chukchi/Beaufort Sea at interannual time scale, especially over the period of 31 March to 29 April, while strongest climatological trends are found over the Laptev/Siberian Sea.
Note6 month embargo; First published: 21 February 2017
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNOAA MAPP under grant at the University of North Dakota [NA13OAR4310105]; NASA CERES project under grant at the University of Arizona [NNX17AC52G]