AffiliationUniv Arizona, Lunar & Planetary Lab
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
CitationEvidence for negative charging of the lunar surface in shadow 2002, 29 (10):77-1 Geophysical Research Letters
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Rights© 2002 by the Chinese Geophysical Society
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractObservations of electron distributions above the shadowed surface of the Moon show energy-dependent loss cones which indicate reflection by both magnetic and electric fields. At the same time, low energy (≲100 eV) field aligned upward-going electron beams are observed. Together, these observations imply average night-side potential differences between the surface and the Lunar Prospector (LP) spacecraft of ∼−35 V. The lunar surface may be at an even higher negative potential relative to the ambient plasma, since LP will likely also charge negative. The potential difference is consistent with simple current balance models which include secondary emission. No clear dependence is found on surface terrane type and age, or on ambient electron density and temperature. Instead, the potential difference is found to depend strongly on the angle from the subsolar point and the angle between the magnetic field and the normal to the lunar surface.
Note6 month embargo; First published: 15 May 2002
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsResearch at the University of California, Berkeley, was supported by NASA through subcontract LRI-99-101 from the Lunar Research Institute.