Characterizing subsurface hydraulic heterogeneity of alluvial fan using riverstage fluctuations
Yeh, Tian-Chyi Jim
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Hydrol & Atmospher Sci
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
CitationCharacterizing subsurface hydraulic heterogeneity of alluvial fan using riverstage fluctuations 2017, 547:650 Journal of Hydrology
JournalJournal of Hydrology
Rights© 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractThe objective of this study is to demonstrate the ability of riverstage tomography to estimate 2-D spatial distribution of hydraulic diffusivity (D) of Zhuoshui River alluvial fan, Taiwan, using groundwater level data from 65 wells and stream stage data from 5 gauging stations. In order to accomplish this objective, wavelet analysis is first conducted to investigate the temporal characteristics of groundwater level, precipitation, and stream stage. The results of the analysis show that variations of groundwater level and stream stage are highly correlated over seasonal and annual periods while that between precipitation is less significant. Subsequently, spatial cross-correlation between seasonal variations of groundwater level and riverstage data is analyzed. It is found that the correlation contour map reflects the pattern of sediment distribution of the fan. This finding is further substantiated by the cross-correlation analysis using both noisy and noise-free groundwater and riverstage data of a synthetic aquifer, where aquifer heterogeneity is known exactly. The ability of riverstage tomography is then tested with these synthetic data sets to estimate D distribution. Finally, the riverstage tomography is applied to the alluvial fan. The results of the application reveal that the apex and southeast of the alluvial fan are regions with relatively high D and the D values gradually decrease toward the shoreline of the fan. In addition, D at northern alluvial fan is slightly larger than that at southern. These findings are consistent with the geologic evolution of this alluvial fan. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Note24 month embargo; Published online: 22 February 2017
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsStrategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) [ER-1365]; Environmental Security, and Technology Certification Program (ESTCP) [ER201212]; NSF EAR from the United State ; Jilin University from Department of Education, China; Global Expert award through Tianjin Normal University from the Thousand Talents Plan of Tianjin City from China; Taiwan Typhoon and Flood Research Institute, National Applied Research Laboratories; Natural Science Foundation of China