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dc.contributor.authorWarner, Natasha
dc.contributor.authorTucker, Benjamin V.
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-24T23:21:09Z
dc.date.available2017-05-24T23:21:09Z
dc.date.issued2016-07-07
dc.identifier.citationAn effect of flaps on the fourth formant in English 2016, 47 (01):1 Journal of the International Phonetic Associationen
dc.identifier.issn0025-1003
dc.identifier.issn1475-3502
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0025100316000219
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/623617
dc.description.abstractVery few segments of the world's languages have been shown to have a systematic effect on the fourth formant (F4). We investigate a large drop in F4 which sometimes occurs in conjunction with the flap in American English. The goal of the present work is to document this phenomenon, and to determine what phonological environments coincide with this large drop in F4. We measure data from six speakers producing words with medial flaps in various environments, such as party, turtle, bottle, credit, harder . We find that the combination of flap with a rhotic and to a lesser extend a syllabic / / leads to a larger drop in F4 than other flap combinations like a following / i /. Together with previous perceptual data, the findings support the conclusion that this feature of F4 results from transitions among articulations.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherCAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESSen
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0025100316000219/type/journal_articleen
dc.rights© International Phonetic Association 2016en
dc.titleAn effect of flaps on the fourth formant in Englishen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Arizonaen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of the International Phonetic Associationen
dc.description.note6 month embargo; Published online: 07 July 2016en
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu.en
dc.eprint.versionFinal accepted manuscripten
refterms.dateFOA2017-01-08T00:00:00Z
html.description.abstractVery few segments of the world's languages have been shown to have a systematic effect on the fourth formant (F4). We investigate a large drop in F4 which sometimes occurs in conjunction with the flap in American English. The goal of the present work is to document this phenomenon, and to determine what phonological environments coincide with this large drop in F4. We measure data from six speakers producing words with medial flaps in various environments, such as party, turtle, bottle, credit, harder . We find that the combination of flap with a rhotic and to a lesser extend a syllabic / / leads to a larger drop in F4 than other flap combinations like a following / i /. Together with previous perceptual data, the findings support the conclusion that this feature of F4 results from transitions among articulations.


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