AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
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PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationRecalibration of the MBH–σ⋆ Relation for AGN 2017, 838 (1):L10 The Astrophysical Journal
Rights© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
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AbstractWe present a recalibration of the M-BH-sigma(star) relation, based on a sample of 16 reverberation-mapped galaxies with newly determined bulge stellar velocity dispersions (sigma(star)) from integral-field spectroscopy (IFS), and a sample of 32 quiescent galaxies with publicly available IFS. For both samples, sigma(star) is determined via two different methods that are popular in the literature, and we provide fits for each sample based on both sets of sigma(star). We find the fit to the active galactic nucleus sample is shallower than the fit to the quiescent galaxy sample, and that the slopes for each sample are in agreement with previous investigations. However, the intercepts to the quiescent galaxy relations are notably higher than those found in previous studies, due to the systematically lower sigma(star) measurements that we obtain from IFS. We find that this may be driven, in part, by poorly constrained measurements of bulge effective radius (r(e)) for the quiescent galaxy sample, which may bias the sigma(star) measurements low. We use these quiescent galaxy parameterizations, as well as one from the literature, to recalculate the virial scaling factor f. We assess the potential biases in each measurement, and suggest f = 4.82 +/- 1.67 as the best currently available estimate. However, we caution that the details of how sigma(star) is measured can significantly affect f, and there is still much room for improvement.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNSF through CAREER [AST-1253702]; Danish Council for Independent Research [DFF 4002-00275]