AffiliationUniv Arizona, Steward Observ
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AbstractA study of the Galactic Center stellar population is continuing with a sensitive 2μm CCD camera. Using a 64 x 64 detector array, background limited images are recorded with modest amounts of observing time (tob, 20 sec to reach K =13). Magnitudes have been extracted using DAOPHOT from repeated imaging of the central 5' x 5' to search among approximately 1500 stars for long period variables (LPV's, P > 200d), particularily Miras. Miras have a well defined period - luminosity relationship as well as one in period -mass. This program investigates the nature of highly luminous stars at the Galactic Center. Presently 12 variables have been found and have several characteristics consistant with Miras. They have a maximum bolometric luminosity of -4.4 mag which supports the case that high luminosity stars in the central 6 pc are young supergiants.
CitationAstrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X), vol. 341, June 1, 1989, p. 89-104
Series/Report no.Preprints of the Steward Observatory #845
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The Massive and Distant Clusters of WISE Survey. V. Extended Radio Sources in Massive Galaxy Clusters at z ∼ 1Moravec, Emily; Gonzalez, Anthony H.; Stern, Daniel; Brodwin, Mark; Clarke, Tracy; Decker, Bandon; Eisenhardt, Peter R. M.; Mo, Wenli; O’Donnell, Christine; Pope, Alexandra; et al. (IOP PUBLISHING LTD, 2019-02-01)We present the results from a pilot study with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array to determine the radio morphologies of extended radio sources and the properties of their host-galaxies in 10 massive galaxy clusters at z similar to 1, an epoch in which clusters are assembling rapidly. These clusters are drawn from a parent sample of WISE-elected galaxy clusters that were cross-correlated with the VLA Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty-Centimeters survey to identify extended radio sources within 1' of the cluster centers. Out of the 10 targeted sources, 6 are FR II sources, 1 is an FR I source, and 3 have undetermined morphologies. Eight radio sources have associated Spitzer data, 75% presenting infrared counterparts. A majority of these counterparts are consistent with being massive galaxies. The angular extent of the FR sources exhibits a strong correlation with the cluster-centric radius, which warrants further investigation with a larger sample.
The Faint End of the Centaurus A Satellite Luminosity FunctionCrnojević, D.; Sand, D. J.; Bennet, P.; Pasetto, S.; Spekkens, K.; Caldwell, N.; Guhathakurta, P.; McLeod, B.; Seth, A.; Simon, J. D.; et al. (IOP PUBLISHING LTD, 2019-02-10)The Panoramic Imaging Survey of Centaurus and Sculptor (PISCeS) is constructing a wide-field map of the resolved stellar populations in the extended halos of these two nearby, prominent galaxies. We present new Magellan/Megacam imaging of a similar to 3 deg(2) area around Centaurus A (Cen A), which filled in much of our coverage to its south, leaving a nearly complete halo map out to a projected radius of similar to 150 kpc and allowing us to identify two new resolved dwarf galaxies. We have additionally obtained deep Hubble Space Telescope (HST) optical imaging of 11 out of the 13 candidate dwarf galaxies identified around Cen A and presented in Crnojevic et al. 2016a: seven are confirmed to be satellites of Cen A, while four are found to be background galaxies. We derive accurate distances, structural parameters, luminosities, and photometric metallicities for the seven candidates confirmed by our HST/ACS imaging. We further study the stellar population along the similar to 60 kpc long (in projection) stream associated with Dw3, which likely had an initial brightness of M-V similar to -15 and shows evidence for a metallicity gradient along its length. Using the total sample of 11 dwarf satellites discovered by the PISCeS survey, as well as 13 brighter previously known satellites of Cen A, we present a revised galaxy luminosity function for the Cen A group down to a limiting magnitude of M-V similar to -8, which has a slope of -1.14 +/- 0.17, comparable to that seen in the Local Group and in other nearby groups of galaxies.
Nuclear starburst activity induced by elongated bulges in spiral galaxiesKim, Eunbin; Kim, Sungsoo S; Choi, Yun-Young; Lee, Gwang-Ho; de Grijs, Richard; Lee, Myung Gyoon; Hwang, Ho Seong; Univ Arizona, Steward Observ (OXFORD UNIV PRESS, 2018-06-05)We study the effects of bulge elongation on the star formation activity in the centres of spiral galaxies using the data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7. We construct a volume-limited sample of face-on spiral galaxies with Mr < −19.5 mag at 0.02 ≤ z < 0.055 by excluding barred galaxies, where the aperture of the SDSS spectroscopic fibre covers the bulges of the galaxies. We adopt the ellipticity of bulges measured by Simard et al., who performed two-dimensional bulge + disc decompositions using the SDSS images of galaxies, and identify nuclear starbursts using the fibre specific star formation rates derived from the SDSS spectra. We find a statistically significant correlation between bulge elongation and nuclear starbursts in the sense that the fraction of nuclear starbursts increases with bulge elongation. This correlation is more prominent for fainter and redder galaxies, which exhibit higher ratios of elongated bulges. We find no significant environmental dependence of the correlation between bulge elongation and nuclear starbursts. These results suggest that non-axisymmetric bulges can efficiently feed the gas into the centre of galaxies to trigger nuclear starburst activity.