MILLIMETER/SUBMILLIMETER SPECTROSCOPY OF TiO (X-3 Δr): THE RARE TITANIUM ISOTOPOLOGUES
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Chem & Biochem
Univ Arizona, Steward Observ
methods: laboratory: molecular
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationMILLIMETER/SUBMILLIMETER SPECTROSCOPY OF TiO (X-3 Δr): THE RARE TITANIUM ISOTOPOLOGUES 2016, 833 (1):9 The Astrophysical Journal
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Rights© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractPure rotational spectra of the rare isotopologues of titanium oxide, (TiO)-Ti-46, (TiO)-Ti-47, (TiO)-Ti-49, and (TiO)-Ti-50, have been recorded using a combination of Fourier transform millimeter-wave (FTmmW) and millimeter/submillimeter direct absorption techniques in the frequency range 62-538 GHz. This study is the first complete spectroscopic characterization of these species in their X-3 Delta(r) ground electronic states. The isotopologues were created by the reaction of N2O or O-2 and titanium vapor, produced either by laser ablation or in a Broida-type oven, and observed in the natural Ti isotopic abundances. Between 10 and 11 rotational transitions J + 1 <-> J were measured for each species, typically in all 3 spin-orbit ladders Omega-1,2, and 3. For (TiO)-Ti-47 and (TiO)-Ti-49, hyperfine structure was resolved, originating from the titanium-47 and titanium-49 nuclear spins of I = 5/2 and 7/2, respectively. For the Omega = 1 and 3 components, the hyperfine structure was found to follow a classic Lande pattern, while that for Omega = 2 appeared to be perturbed, likely a result of mixing with the nearby isoconfigurational a(1)Delta state. The spectra were analyzed with a case (a) Hamiltonian, and rotational, spin-orbit, and spin-spin parameters were determined for each species, as well as magnetic hyperfine and electric quadrupole constants for the two molecules with nuclear spins. The most abundant species, (TiO)-Ti-48, has been detected in circumstellar envelopes. These measurements will enable other titanium isotopologues to be studied at millimeter wavelengths, providing Ti isotope ratios that can test models of nucleosynthesis.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsMinistry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) of Japan [15K05039, 26287030]