Fitness costs of symbiont switching using entomopathogenic nematodes as a model
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Sch Anim & Comparat Biomed Sci
Univ Arizona, Ctr Insect Sci
Univ Arizona, Dept Entomol
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherBIOMED CENTRAL LTD
CitationFitness costs of symbiont switching using entomopathogenic nematodes as a model 2017, 17 (1) BMC Evolutionary Biology
JournalBMC Evolutionary Biology
Rights© The Author(s). 2017 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractBackground: Steinernematid nematodes form obligate symbioses with bacteria from the genus Xenorhabdus. Together Steinernema nematodes and their bacterial symbionts successfully infect, kill, utilize, and exit their insect hosts. During this process the nematodes and bacteria disassociate requiring them to re-associate before emerging from the host. This interaction can be complicated when two different nematodes co-infect an insect host. Results: Non-cognate nematode-bacteria pairings result in reductions for multiple measures of success, including total progeny production and virulence. Additionally, nematode infective juveniles carry fewer bacterial cells when colonized by a non-cognate symbiont. Finally, we show that Steinernema nematodes can distinguish heterospecific and some conspecific non-cognate symbionts in behavioral choice assays. Conclusions: Steinernema-Xenorhabdus symbioses are tightly governed by partner recognition and fidelity. Association with non-cognates resulted in decreased fitness, virulence, and bacterial carriage of the nematode-bacterial pairings. Entomopathogenic nematodes and their bacterial symbionts are a useful, tractable, and reliable model for testing hypotheses regarding the evolution, maintenance, persistence, and fate of mutualisms.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNational Science Foundation [IOS-0919565, IOS-0920631]; Graduate and Professional Student Council Grant (University of Arizona); Howard Hughes Medical Institute grant ; NIH IRACDA K-12 [5K12GM000708-17]
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