Contributions to Gene Set Analysis of Correlated, Paired-Sample Transcriptome Data to Enable Precision Medicine
AuthorSchissler, Alfred Grant
AdvisorPiegorsch, Walter W.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
EmbargoRelease after 27-Aug-2017
AbstractThis dissertation serves as a unifying document for three related articles developed during my dissertation research. The projects involve the development of single-subject transcriptome (i.e. gene expression data) methodology for precision medicine and related applications. Traditional statistical approaches are largely unavailable in this setting due to prohibitive sample size and lack of independent replication. This leads one to rely on informatic devices including knowledgebase integration (e.g., gene set annotations) and external data sources (e.g., estimation of inter-gene correlation). Common statistical themes include multivariate statistics (such as Mahalanobis distance and copulas) and large-scale significance testing. Briefly, the first work describes the development of clinically relevant single-subject metrics of gene set (pathway) differential expression, N-of-1-pathways Mahalanobis distance (MD) scores. Next, the second article describes a method which overcomes a major shortcoming of the MD framework by accounting for inter-gene correlation. Lastly, the statistics developed in the previous works are re-purposed to analyze single-cell RNA-sequencing data derived from rare cells. Importantly, these works represent an interdisciplinary effort and show that creative solutions for pressing issues become possible at the intersection of statistics, biology, medicine, and computer science.
Degree ProgramGraduate College