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STELLAR MASS–GAS-PHASE METALLICITY RELATION AT 0.5 ≤ z ≤ 0.7: A POWER LAW WITH INCREASING SCATTER TOWARD THE LOW-MASS REGIMEGuo, Yicheng; Koo, David C.; Lu, Yu; Forbes, John C.; Rafelski, Marc; Trump, Jonathan R.; Amorín, Ricardo; Barro, Guillermo; Davé, Romeel; Faber, S. M.; et al. (IOP PUBLISHING LTD, 2016-05-11)We present the stellar mass (M-*)-gas-phase metallicity relation (MZR) and its scatter at intermediate redshifts (0.5 <= z <= 0.7) for 1381 field galaxies collected from deep spectroscopic surveys. The star formation rate (SFR) and color at a given M-* of this magnitude-limited (R less than or similar to 24 AB) sample are representative of normal star-forming galaxies. For masses below 10(9) M-circle dot, our sample of 237 galaxies is similar to 10 times larger than those in previous studies beyond the local universe. This huge gain in sample size enables superior constraints on the MZR and its scatter in the low-mass regime. We find a power-law MZR at 10(8) M-circle dot < M-* < 10(11) M-circle dot: 12 + log (O/H) = (5.83 +/- 0.19)+(0.30 +/- 0.02) log (M-*/M-circle dot). At 10(9) M-circle dot < M-* < 10(10.5) M-circle dot, our MZR shows agreement with others measured at similar redshifts in the literature. Our power-law slope is, however, shallower than the extrapolation of the MZRs of others to masses below 10(9) M-circle dot. The SFR dependence of the MZR in our sample is weaker than that found for local galaxies (known as the fundamental metallicity relation). Compared to a variety of theoretical models, the slope of our MZR for low-mass galaxies agrees well with predictions incorporating supernova energy-driven winds. Being robust against currently uncertain metallicity calibrations, the scatter of the MZR serves as a powerful diagnostic of the stochastic history of gas accretion, gas recycling, and star formation of low-mass galaxies. Our major result is that the scatter of our MZR increases as M-* decreases. Our result implies that either the scatter of the baryonic accretion rate (sigma((M) over dot)) or the scatter of the M-*-M-halo relation (sigma(SHMR)) increases as M-* decreases. Moreover, our measure of scatter at z = 0.7 appears consistent with that found for local galaxies. This lack of redshift evolution constrains models of galaxy evolution to have both sigma((M) over dot) and sigma(SHMR) remain unchanged from z = 0.7 to z = 0.
Planck’s dusty GEMSCañameras, R.; Nesvadba, N.; Kneissl, R.; Frye, B.; Gavazzi, R.; Koenig, S.; Le Floc’h, E.; Limousin, M.; Oteo, I.; Scott, D.; et al. (EDP SCIENCES S A, 2017-08-23)We present an analysis of high-resolution ALMA interferometry of CO(4-3) line emission and dust continuum in the "Ruby" (PLCK_G244.8+54.9), a bright, gravitationally lensed galaxy at z = 3.0 discovered with the Planck all-sky survey. The Ruby is the brightest of Planck's dusty GEMS, a sample of 11 of the brightest gravitationally lensed high-redshift galaxies on the extragalactic sub-mm sky. We resolve the high-surface-brightness continuum and CO line emission of the Ruby in several extended clumps along a partial, nearly circular Einstein ring with 1.4 '' diameter around a massive galaxy at z = 1.5. Local star-formation intensities are up to 2000 M-circle dot yr(-1) kpc(-2), amongst the highest observed at high redshift, and clearly in the range of maximal starbursts. Gas-mass surface densities are a few x10(4) M-circle dot pc(-2). The Ruby lies at, and in part even above, the starburst sequence in the Schmidt-Kennicutt diagram, and at the limit expected for star formation that is self-regulated through the kinetic energy injection from radiation pressure, stellar winds, and supernovae. We show that these processes can also inject sufficient kinetic energy and momentum into the gas to explain the turbulent line widths, which are consistent with marginally gravitationally bound molecular clouds embedded in a critically Toomre-stable disk. The star-formation efficiency is in the range 1-10% per free-fall time, consistent with the notion that the pressure balance that sets the local star-formation law in the Milky Way may well be universal out to the highest star-formation intensities. AGN feedback is not necessary to regulate the star formation in the Ruby, in agreement with the absence of a bright AGN component in the infrared and radio regimes.
Exploring the dust content of galactic winds with Herschel – II. Nearby dwarf galaxiesMcCormick, Alexander; Veilleux, Sylvain; Meléndez, Marcio; Martin, Crystal L; Bland-Hawthorn, Joss; Cecil, Gerald; Heitsch, Fabian; Müller, Thomas; Rupke, David S N; Engelbracht, Chad; et al. (OXFORD UNIV PRESS, 2018-06)We present the results from an analysis of deep Herschel Space Observatory observations of six nearby dwarf galaxies known to host galactic-scale winds. The superior far-infrared sensitivity and angular resolution of Herschel have allowed detection of cold circumgalactic dust features beyond the stellar components of the host galaxies traced by Spitzer 4.5 mu m images. Comparisons of these cold dust features with ancillary data reveal an imperfect spatial correlation with the ionized gas and warm dust wind components. We find that typically similar to 10-20 per cent of the total dust mass in these galaxies resides outside of their stellar discs, but this fraction reaches similar to 60 per cent in the case of NGC 1569. This galaxy also has the largest metal-licity (O/H) deficit in our sample for its stellar mass. Overall, the small number of objects in our sample precludes drawing strong conclusions on the origin of the circumgalactic dust. We detect no statistically significant trends with star formation properties of the host galaxies, as might be expected if the dust were lifted above the disc by energy inputs from ongoing star formation activity. Although a case for dust entrained in a galactic wind is seen in NGC 1569, in all cases, we cannot rule out the possibility that some of the circumgalactic dust might be associated instead with gas accreted or removed from the disc by recent galaxy interaction events, or that it is part of the outer gas-rich portion of the disc that lies below the sensitivity limit of the Spitzer 4.5 mu m data.