Tracking delivery of a drug surrogate in the porcine heart using photoacoustic imaging and spectroscopy
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Dept Med Imaging
coronary heart disease
left anterior descending coronary artery
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CitationTracking delivery of a drug surrogate in the porcine heart using photoacoustic imaging and spectroscopy 2017, 22 (4):041016 Journal of Biomedical Optics
JournalJournal of Biomedical Optics
Rights© 2017 SPIE.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AbstractAlthough the drug-eluting stent (DES) has dramatically reduced the rate of coronary restenosis, it still occurs in up to 20% of patients with a DES. Monitoring drug delivery could be one way to decrease restenosis rates. We demonstrate real-time photoacoustic imaging and spectroscopy (PAIS) using a wavelength-tunable visible laser and clinical ultrasound scanner to track cardiac drug delivery. The photoacoustic signal was initially calibrated using porcine myocardial samples soaked with a known concentration of a drug surrogate (Dil). Next, an in situ coronary artery was perfused with DiI for 20 min and imaged to monitor dye transport in the tissue. Finally, a partially DiI-coated stent was inserted into the porcine brachiocephalic trunk for imaging. The photoacoustic signal was proportional to the DiI concentration between 2.4 and 120 mu g/ml, and the dye was detected over 1.5 mm from the targeted coronary vessel. Photoacoustic imaging was also able to differentiate the DiI-coated portion of the stent from the uncoated region. These results suggest that PAIS can track drug delivery to cardiac tissue and detect drugs loaded onto a stent with sub-mm precision. Future work using PAIS may help improve DES design and reduce the probability of restenosis. (C) 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsNational Science Foundation GK-12 fellowship; Technology Research Initiative Fund (TRIF)