AuthorWit, Julien de
Lewis, Nikole K.
Knutson, Heather A.
Fulton, Benjamin J.
Cowan, Nicolas B.
Burrows, Adam S.
Fortney, Jonathan J.
Showman, Adam P.
AffiliationUniv Arizona, Lunar & Planetary Lab
planets and satellites: atmospheres
planets and satellites: dynamical evolution and stability
planets and satellites: individual (HAT-P-2b)
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
CitationPlanet-induced Stellar Pulsations in HAT-P-2's Eccentric System 2017, 836 (2):L17 The Astrophysical Journal
Rights© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Collection InformationThis item from the UA Faculty Publications collection is made available by the University of Arizona with support from the University of Arizona Libraries. If you have questions, please contact us at email@example.com.
AbstractExtrasolar planets on eccentric short-period orbits provide a laboratory in which to study radiative and tidal interactions between a planet and its host star under extreme forcing conditions. Studying such systems probes how the planet's atmosphere redistributes the time-varying heat flux from its host and how the host star responds to transient tidal distortion. Here, we report the insights into the planet-star interactions in HAT-P-2's eccentric planetary system gained from the analysis of similar to 350 hr of 4.5 mu m observations with the Spitzer Space Telescope. The observations show no sign of orbit-to-orbit variability nor of orbital evolution of the eccentric planetary companion, HAT-P-2b. The extensive coverage allows us to better differentiate instrumental systematics from the transient heating of HAT-P-2b's 4.5 mu m photosphere and yields the detection of stellar pulsations with an amplitude of approximately 40 ppm. These pulsation modes correspond to exact harmonics of the planet's orbital frequency, indicative of a tidal origin. Transient tidal effects can excite pulsation modes in the envelope of a star, but, to date, such pulsations had only been detected in highly eccentric stellar binaries. Current stellar models are unable to reproduce HAT-P-2's pulsations, suggesting that our understanding of the interactions at play in this system is incomplete.
VersionFinal published version
SponsorsWBI (Wallonie-Bruxelles International) under the WBI-World Excellence Fellowship; NASA through the Sagan Fellowship Program; Stellar Astrophysics Centre via the Danish National Research Foundation [DNRF106]; ASTERISK project (ASTER-oseismic Investigations with SONG and Kepler) - European Research Council ; JPL/Caltech
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